DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS FOR THE BIG VALLEY BAND OF POMO
OF THE BIG VALLEY RANCHERIA
APPROVED JANUARY 15,1936
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS FOR THE BIG VALLEY BAND OF POMO INDIANS
THE BIG VALLEY RANCHERIA
We, the people of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians, of the Big Valley Rancheria, in order to establish a legal rancheria organization and secure certain privileges and powers offered to us by the Indian Reorganization Act, do ordain and establish this constitution and by-laws.
The jurisdiction of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians shall extend to the territory within the confines of the Big Valley Rancheria, and to such other lands as may hereafter be added thereto under any law of the United States except as otherwise provided by law.
SECTION 1. The membership of the Big Valley
Band of Pomo Indians shall consist of-
(a) All persons of Indian blood whose names appear on the official census rolls of the band as of April 1, 1935;
(b) All children born to any member of the band who is a resident of the rancheria at the time of the birth of said children.
SEC. 2. The general community council shall have the power to promulgate ordinances, subject to review by the Secretary of the Interior, covering future membership and the adoption of new members, when the resources of the band make such adoptions feasible.
ARTICLE III-GOVERNING BODY
SECTION 1. The governing body of the Big Valley
Band of Pomo Indians shall be the general community council, which shall
be composed of all the qualified voters of the band. A majority of the
eligible voters shall constitute a quorum.
SEC. 2. All enrolled members of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians who are 21 years of age or over, and who have maintained legal residence on the rancheria for a period of one year immediately prior to any election, are qualified voters at such election. Such residence, however, shall not be required as a qualification for voting upon amendments to the constitution and attached by-laws.
SEC. 3. The general community council shall elect from its own members by secret ballot (a) a chairman, (b) vice chairman, (e) secretary, (d) treasurer, (e) and such other officers and Committees as may be deemed necessary.
SEC. 4. The general community council shall meet on the first Monday of January and July.
SEC. 5. Within thirty days after the ratification and approval of this constitution and by-laws a general community council shall be held for the purpose of electing the officers named herein, and it may transact such other business as may be necessary. The officers elected at this meeting shall serve until the July meeting, at which time their successors shall be chosen. Thereafter, officials shall be chosen at the July meeting.
SEC. 6. The chairman, or 25 percent of the qualified voters, may, by written notice, call special meetings of the general community council.
SEC. 7. The business committee shall consist of the chairman, secretary, and treasurer of the general community council, and shall perform such duties as may be authorized by the council.
ARTICLE IV.-POWERS OF THE GENERAL COMMUNITY COUNCIL
SECTION 1. Enumerated powers.-The general community council of
the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians shall exercise the following powers,
subject to any limitations imposed by the statutes or the Constitution
of the United States:
(a) To negotiate with the Federal, State, and local Governments;
(b) To employ legal counsel, the choice of counsel and fixing of fees to be subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior;
(c) To veto any sale, disposition, lease, or encumbrance of tribal lands, interests in lands, or other tribal assets of the band;
(d) To advise the Secretary of the Interior with regard to all appropriation estimates for Federal projects for the benefit of the Big Valley Rancheria prior to the submission of such estimates to the Bureau of the Budget and to Congress;
(e) To manage all economic affairs and enterprises of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians in accordance with the terms of a charter that may be issued to the band by the Secretary of the Interior;
(f) To promulgate and enforce ordinances, which shall be subject to review by the Secretary of the Interior, governing the conduct of members of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians providing
for the manner of making, holding, and revoking assignments of tribal land or interests therein, providing for the levying of taxes and the appropriation of available tribal funds for public purposes, providing for the licensing of non-members coming upon the rancheria for purposes of hunting, fishing, trading, or other business, and for the exclusion from the territory of the band of persons not so licensed, and establishing proper agencies for the enforcement of such ordinances upon the Big Valley Rancheria;
(g) To charter subordinate organizations for economic purposes and to delegate to such organizations, or to any subordinate boards or officials of the band, any of the foregoing powers, reserving the right to review any action taken by virtue of such delegated power; and
(h) To adopt resolutions not inconsistent with this constitution and the attached by-laws, regulating the procedure of the community council itself and of other tribal agencies, tribal officials, or tribal organizations of the Big Valley Rancheria.
SEC. 2. Future powers.-The general community council may exercise such further powers as may in the future be delegated to the council by members of the band or by the Secretary of the Interior or any other duly authorized official or agency of the State or Federal Government.
SEC. 3. Reserved powers.-Any rights and powers heretofore vested in the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians but not expressly referred to in this constitution shall not be abridged by this article, but may be exercised by the people of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians through the adoption of appropriate by-laws and constitutional amendments.
SEC. 4. Manner of review.-Any resolution or ordinance which by the terms of this constitution is subject to review by the Secretary of the Interior shall be presented to the superintendent in charge of the rancheria, who shall within ten days thereafter approve or disapprove the same.
If the superintendent shall approve any ordinance or resolution it shall thereupon become effective, but the superintendent shall transmit a copy of the same, bearing his endorsement, to the Secretary of the Interior, who may, within 90 days from the date of enactment, rescind the said ordinance or resolution for any cause, by notifying the general community council of such decision.
If the superintendent shall refuse to approve any ordinance or resolution submitted to him within ten days after its enactment he shall advise the general community council of his reasons therefor. If these reasons appear to the general community council insufficient, it may, by a majority vote, refer the ordinance or resolution to the Secretary of the Interior, who may, within 90 davs from the date of its enactment, approve the same in writing, whereupon the said ordinance or resolution shall become effective.
SECTION 1. This constitution and by-laws may be amended
by a majority vote of the qualified voters of the band voting at an election
called for that purpose by the Secretary of the Interior, provided that
at least 30 percent of those entitled to vote shall vote in such election;
but no amendment shall become effective until it shall have been approved
by the Secretary of the Interior.
SEC. 2. At any regular or special general community council meeting, amendments to this constitution and by-laws may be proposed, to be acted upon at the next semi-annual general community council meeting. If approved by a majority vote at such meeting, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Secretary of the Interior, who shall thereupon call an election upon the proposed amendment.
BY-LAWS FOR THE BIG VALLEY BAND OF POMO INDIANS OF THE
BIG VALLEY RANCHERIA
ARTICLE 1. Each officer elected or appointed hereunder
shall take an oath of office prior to assuming the duties thereof, by which
oath, he shall pledge himself to support and defend the Constitution of'
the United States and this constitution and by-laws.
Oath: I,______ _______, do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies; that I will carry out, faithfully and impartially, the duties of my office to the best of my ability; that I will cooperate, promote, and protect the best interests of my band in accordance with this constitution and by-laws.
ART. 2. It shall be the duty of the general community council and each member thereof to promote the general welfare of the members of this band and to carry out the provisions and purposes of this constitution and by-laws.
ART. 3. It shall be the duty of the chairman to preside over all meetings of the general community council and carry out all orders of the council. All members of the council and all subordinate officers shall assist the chairman in all proper ways to carry out the orders of the council.
ART. 4. The general community council secretary shall keep a full report of all proceedings of each regular and special meeting of the general council and of the business committee, and shall perform such other duties of like nature as the council shall from time to time by resolution provide, and shall transmit copies of the minutes of each meeting to the superintendent in charge of the rancheria, and to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
ART. 5. The general community council treasurer shall be the custodian of all moneys which come under the jurisdiction or into the control of the general community council. He shall pay out money in accordance with the orders and resolutions of the general community council. He shall keep account of all receipts and disbursements and shall report the same to the council at each regular meeting. He shall be bonded in such an amount as the council may by resolution, approved by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, provide. The books of the council treasurer shall be subject to audit or inspection at the direction of the council or the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Until the treasurer is bonded, the business community may make such provision for the custody and disbursements of funds as shall guarantee their safety and proper disbursement and use.
ART. 6. The subordinate officers of the general community council shall perform such duties as the council may from time to time provide by resolution.
ART. 7. The order of business at any regular or special meeting of the general community council shall be as follows:
1. Council called to order.
2. Roll call.
3. Reading of minutes of previous meeting.
4. Reports of committees.
5. Report of the council treasurer.
6. Reading of communications.
7. Unfinished business.
8. New business.
ART. 8. Ratification of constitution and by-laws.
This constitution and by-laws, when adopted by a majority vote of the voters of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians voting at a special election called by the Secretary of the Interior, in which at least 30 percent of those entitled to vote shall vote, shall be submitted to the Secretary of the Interior for his approval, and shall be effective from the date of such approval.
CERTIFICATION OF ADOPTION
Pursuant to an order, approved November 6, 1935,
by the Secretary of the Interior, the attached constitution and by-laws
was submitted for ratification to the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of
the Big Valley Rancheria and was on November 30, 1935, duly ratified by
a vote of 24 for and 20 against, in an election in which over 30 percent
of those entitled to vote cast their ballots, in accordance with section
16 of the Indian Reorganization Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984), as
amended by the act of June 15, 1935 (Pub., No. 147-74th Cong.).
ROGER A. POSH,
Chairman of Election Board.
FRANK H. MARANDO,
Secretary of Election Board.
Superintendent in Charge of the Rancheria.
I, Harold L. Ickes, the Secretary of the Interior of the United States
of America, by virtue of the authority granted me by the act of June 18,
1934 (48 Stat. 984), as amended, do hereby approve the attached constitution
and by-laws of the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria.
All rules and regulations heretofore promulgated by the Interior Department or by the Office of Indian Affairs, so far as they may be incompatible with any of the provisions of the said constitution or by-laws, are hereby declared inapplicable to the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria.
All officers and employees of the Interior Department are ordered to abide by the provisions of the said constitution and by-laws.
Approval recommended January 7, 1936.
WILLIAM ZIMMERMAN, Jr.,
Assistant Comissioner of Indian Affairs.
HAROLD L. ICKES,
Secretary of the Interior.
WASHINGTON, D. C., January 15,1936.
AMENDMENTS--CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS FOR THE
BIG VALLEY BAND OF POMO INDIANS OF THE BIG
That an article be added to the Constitution as follows:
"ARTICLE VI-VACANCIES AND REMOVAL FROM OFFICE"
"SECTION 1. Any officer who may resign, die or be
removed from office, shall be replaced only at, a regular election or at
a special election of the Community Council.
"SECTION 2. Any officer convicted of a felony or misdemeanor involving dishonesty, in any Federal, State or Indian Court may be removed from office by a majority vote of the eligible voters of the Community Council.
"SECTION 3. The Community Council may, by a majority vote of the eligible voters, expel any officer of the Council for neglect of duty or gross misconduct; Provided, That the accused shall be given an opportunity to answer any and all charges at a designated Council meeting. The decision of the Council shall be final."
CERTIFICATION OF ADOPTION
I, Oscar L. Chapman, the Assistant Secretary of the
Interior of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority granted
me by the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984), as amended, do hereby approve
the attached Amendments to the Constitution and By-laws of the Big Valley
Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria.
Approval recommended July 10, 1940.
F. H. DAIKER,
Assistant to the Commissioner.
OSCAR L. CHAPMAN
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 12, 1940.