DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
CORPORATE CHARTER OF THE
RED CLIFF BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR
CHIPPEWA INDIANS OF THE RED CLIFF
RATIFIED OCTOBER 24, 1936
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1936
CORPORATE CHARTER OF THE RED CLIFF BAND OF
LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS OF THE RED
CLIFF RESERVATION, WISCONSIN
A FEDERAL CORPORATION CHARTERED UNDER THE ACT OF
JUNE 18, 1934
Whereas, the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Red Cliff Reservation in Wisconsin constitute a recognized Indian tribe organized under a constitution and bylaws ratified by the Tribe on April 18, 1936, and approved by the Secretary of the Interior on June 1, 1936, pursuant to Section 16 of the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984), as amended by the Act of June 15, 1935, (49 Stat. 378); and
Whereas, more than one-third of the adult members of the Tribe have petitioned that a charter of incorporation be granted to such Tribe, subject to ratification by a vote of the adult Indians living on the reservation;
Now, therefore, I, Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of
the Interior, by virtue of the authority conferred upon me by the said
Act of June 18, 1934, (48 Stat. 984), do hereby issue and submit this charter
of incorporation to the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
of the Red Cliff Reservation to be effective from and after such time as
it may be ratified by a majority vote of the adult Indians living on the
1. In order to further the economic development of the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Red Cliff Reservation in Wisconsin by conferring upon said Tribe certain corporate rights, powers, privileges, and immunities, and imposing upon such organized community the responsibility of voluntary cooperative group action; to secure for the members of the Tribe the means of an assured economic independence; and to provide for the proper exercise by the Tribe of various functions and responsibilities heretofore performed and assumed by the Department of the Interior, the aforesaid Tribe is hereby chartered as a body politic and corporate of the United States of America under the corporate name "The Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians."
2. The Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians shall, as a Federal Corporation, have perpetual succession.
3. The Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians shall be a membership corporation. Its members shall consist of all persons now or hereafter members of the Tribe, as provided by its duly ratified and approved Constitution and Bylaws.
4. The Tribal Council of the Tribe established in accordance with the said Constitution and Bylaws of the Tribe, shall exercise all the corporate powers hereinafter enumerated.
5. The tribe, subject to any restrictions contained in the Constitution and laws of the United States, or in the Constitution and Bylaws of the said Tribe, shall have the following corporate powers, in addition to all powers already conferred or guaranteed by the Tribal Constitution and Bylaws.(a) To adopt, use, and alter at its pleasure a corporate seal.
|Termination of Supervisory Powers.||
6. Upon the request of the Tribal Council for the termination of any supervisory power reserved to the Secretary of the Interior under sections 5 (b) (3), 5 (c), 5 (d), 5 (f), 5 (g), 5 (h), and section 8 of this charter, the Secretary of the Interior, if he shall approve such request, shall thereupon submit the question of such termination to the Tribe for referendum. The termination shall be effective upon ratification by a majority vote at an election in which at least 30% of the adult members of the Tribe residing on the reservation shall vote. If at any time after five years from the effective date of this charter, such request shall be made and the Secretary shall disapprove it or fail to approve or disapprove it within ninety days after its receipt, the question of the termination of any such power may then be submitted by the Secretary of the Interior or by the Tribal Council to popular referendum of the adult members of the Tribe actually living within the reservation and if the termination is approved by two-thirds of the eligible voters shall be effective.
7. No property rights of the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians as heretofore constituted, shall be in any way impaired by anything contained in this charter, and the tribal ownership of unallotted lands, whether or not assigned to the use of any particular individuals, is hereby expressly recognized. The individually owned property of members of the Tribe shall not be subject to any corporate debts or liabilities, without such owners' consent. Any existing lawful debts of the Tribe shall continue in force, except as such debts may be satisfied or canceled pursuant to law.
8. The Tribe may issue to each of its members a non-transferable certificate of membership evidencing the equal share of each member in the assets of the Tribe and may distribute per capita, among the recognized members of the Tribe all profits of corporate enterprises over and above sums necessary to defray corporate obligations to members of the Tribe, or to other persons and over and above all sums which may be devoted to the establishment of a reserve fund, the construction of public works, the cost of public enterprises, the expenses of tribal government, the needs of charity, or other corporate purpose. No such distribution of profits or income in any one year amounting to a per capita cash payment of $100 or more, or amounting to a distribution of more than one-half of the accrued surplus, shall be made without the approval of the Secretary of the Interior. No distribution of the financial assets of the Tribe shall be made except as provided herein or as authorized by Congress.
9. The officers of the Tribe shall maintain accurate and complete public accounts of the financial affairs of the Tribe, which shall clearly show all credits, debts, pledges, and assignments, and shall furnish an annual balance sheet and report of the financial affairs of the Tribe to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The Treasurer of the Tribe shall be the custodian of all moneys which come under the jurisdiction or control of the Tribal Council as provided in the Constitution and Bylaws of the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians.
10. This charter shall not be revoked or surrendered except by Act of Congress, but amendments may be proposed by resolutions of the Council which if approved by the Secretary of the Interior, shall be effective when ratified by a majority vote of the adult members living on the reservation at a popular referendum in which at least 30 percent of the eligible voters vote.
11. This charter shall be effective from and after the date of its ratification by a majority vote of the adult members of the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians living on the Red Cliff Reservation, provided at least 30 percent of the eligible voters shall vote; such ratification to be formally certified by the Superintendent of the Great Lakes Agency and the Chairman of the Tribal Council of the Band.
HAROLD L. ICKES,
WASHINGTON, D. C., October 5, 1936.
Pursuant to section 17 of the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984), this charter, issued on October 5, 1936, by the Secretary of the Interior to the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Red Cliff Reservation, Wisconsin, was duly submitted for ratification to the adult Indians living on the reservation and was on October 24, 1936, duly adopted by a vote of 74 for, and 1 against, in an election in which over thirty per cent of those entitled to vote cast their ballots.
J. C. CAVILL,
Superintendent in charge of the reservation.