The Colville Confederated Tribes finds that there are approximately 811,000 acres if forest lands within the Colville Reservation, of which 729,000 are in tribal or Indian ownership and 81,000 are in non-Indian fee ownership; that forest land resources are the most important natural resources within the Colville Indian Reservation; that a sustained forest products industry is essential to the economy and welfare of all people of the Colville Indian Reservation; that it is in the public interest that all forest lands be managed based on sound policies protecting natural resources and the Reservation population; that promotion of a profitable forest products industry is compatible with management practices protecting water quality and quantity, fish and wildlife, forest soils, recreation and scenic beauty; and that coordinated management of all forest lands on the Colville Reservation toward these goals is necessary to protect the economy, health, safety and welfare of the population of the Colville Indian Reservation and to protect the authority of the Colville Confederated Tribes to effectively govern the Colville Indian Reservation for these purposes.
4-7-2 Authority and Scope
This Chapter is adopted pursuant to the following authority.
(a) The reserved sovereignty of the Colville Confederated Tribes over all lands of the Colville Indian Reservation in order to provide for the economic security, health safety and welfare of people residing on or doing business on or visiting the Colville Reservation and to exercise the authority of the tribal government of the Colville Confederated Tribes to enact legislation to protect these governmental interests;
(b) Any authority delegated to the tribal government by the United States.
Unless otherwise required by context, as used in this Chapter:
(a) "Chapter" means the Forest Practices Water Quality Chapter under this Code.
(b) "Application" shall mean the forest practices application required pursuant to this Chapter.
(c) "Borrow pit" shall mean an excavation site outside the limits of construction to provide material necessary to that construction, such as fill material for the embankments.
(d) "Chemical" means substances in liquid, gas or solid form which may be applied to forest lands or timber to accomplish specific purposes and includes pesticides, insecticides, rodenticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, fungicides, fertilizers, desiccants, fire retardants when used in controlled burning, repellents, oil, dust-control agents (other than water) and salt. In addition "chemicals" shall include all other materials that may present hazards to the environment.
(e) "Commercial tree species" means any species which are capable of producing a merchantable stand of timber on the particular site, or which are being grown as part of a Christmas tree or ornamental tree-growing operation.
(f) "Completion of harvest" means the latest of:
1. Completion of removal of timber from the portions of forest lands harvested in the smallest logical unit that will not be disturbed by continued logging or an approved slash disposal plan for adjacent areas, or
2. Scheduled completion of any slash disposal operations where the Department and the applicant agree within six (6) months of completion of yarding that slash disposal is necessary or desirable to facilitate reforestation and agree to a time schedule for such slash disposal, or
3. Scheduled completion of any site preparation or rehabilitation of adjoining lands approved at the time of approval of the application or receipt of a notification; Provided, That delay of reforestation under this subparagraph 4-7-3(f)(3) is permitted only to the extent reforestation would prevent or unreasonably hinder such site preparation or rehabilitation of adjoining lands.
(g) "Contamination" means the introducing by means of any substance, whether in liquid, gas or solid form, into Reservation resources in sufficient quantities as may be directly injurious to the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population or individually injurious to the Reservation population as a result of domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural or recreational activities or which may otherwise pose a threat to Reservation resources, in particular, air quality, water quality, wildlife, fish or other aquatic life and their respective habitat.
(h) "Contiguous" shall mean land adjoining or touching by common corner or otherwise. Land having common ownership divided by a road or other right-of-way shall be considered contiguous.
(i) "Conversion to a use other than commercial timber operation" shall mean a bona fide conversion to an active use which is incompatible with timber growing.
(j) "Debris" means garbage, trash, leftover cable and equipment, and other non-wood waste material which would reasonably be expected to cause significant damage to a Reservation resource.
(k) "Department" shall mean the Colville Tribal Forestry Department.
(l) "End hauling" means the removal and transportation of excavated material, pit or quarry overburden, or landing or road actively used for a use which is incompatible with timber growing.
(m) "Erodible soils" means those soils exposed or displaced by a forest practice operation that would be readily moved by water.
(n) "Fertilizers" means any substance or any combination or mixture of substances used principally as a source of plant food or soil amendment.
(o) "Flood level--fifty (50) year." For purposes of field interpretation of these regulations, the fifty (50) year flood level shall be considered to refer to an additional vertical water height above the height of the ordinary high water mark, such additional vertical height being 125% of the vertical distance between the average stream bed and the ordinary high water mark; and an additional horizontal distance which shall not exceed two (2) times the ordinary channel width as measured between the ordinary high water marks and added to each side of the channel, unless a different area is specified by the Department based on identifiable topographic or vegetative features.
(p) "Flood level--twenty-five (25) year." For purposes of field interpretation of these regulations the twenty-five (25) year flood level shall be considered to be a vertical elevation which is the same height measured from the ordinary high water mark as the vertical distance between the average stream bed and the ordinary high water mark, and in horizontal distance shall not exceed two (2) times the channel width measured on either side from the ordinary high water mark, unless a different area is specified by the Department based on identifiable topographic or vegetative features.
(q) "Forest land" means all land which is capable of supporting a stand of timber and is not being actively used for a use which is incompatible with timber growing.
(r) "Forest landowner" shall mean any person in actual control of forest land, whether such control is based either on legal or equitable title, or on any other interest entitling the holder to sell or otherwise dispose of any or all of the timber on such land in any manner; Provided, That any lessee or other person in possession of forest land without legal or equitable title to such land shall be excluded from the definition of "forest landowner" unless such lessee or other person has the right to sell or otherwise dispose of any or all of the timber located on such forest land.
(s) "Forest practice" means any activity conducted on or directly pertaining to forest land and relating to growing, harvesting, or processing timber, including but not limited to:
1. Road and trail construction;
2. Harvesting, final and intermediate;
3. Precommercial thinning;
6. Prevention and suppression of diseases and insects;
7. Salvage of trees, and;
8. Brush control.
"Forest practice" shall not include: preparatory work such as tree marking, surveying and road flagging; or removal or harvest of incidental vegetation from forest lands such as berries, ferns, greenery, herbs, mushrooms, and other products which cannot normally be expected to result in damage to forest soils, timber or Reservation resources.
(t) "Herbicide" means any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate any tree, bush, weed or algae and other aquatic weeds.
(u) "Improved stock" means seed or seedlings resulting from a tree improvement program, tested and verified.
(v) "Intermittent stream" shall mean a stream or stream segment that normally goes dry for a portion of a calendar year. Such stream shall have a discrete and readily identifiable bed which demonstrates the annual flow of water along such bed.
(w) "Insecticide" means any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate any insect, other arthropods or mollusks.
(x) "Key wildlife habitat" means the habitat of wildlife species which depends on maintenance of water quality in the streamside management zone and adjacent areas or any habitat where a wildlife species helps maintain water quality.
(y) "Limits of construction" means the area occupied by the completed roadway or landing, including the cut bank, fill slope, and the area cleared for the purpose of constructing the roadway or landing.
(z) "Load bearing portion" means that part of the road, landing, etc., which is supportive soil, earth, rock, or other material directly below the working surface and only associated earth structure necessary for support.
(aa) "Major tractor road" means a road which involves extensive sidecasting or similar disturbance of soil which may cause material damage to a Reservation resource or would destroy the integrity of a Streamside Management Zone.
(bb) "Merchantable stand of timber" means a stand of trees that will yield logs and/or fibre:
1. Suitable in size and quality for the production of lumber, plywood, pulp or other forest products; and
2. Of sufficient value at least to cover all the costs of harvest and transportation to available markets.
(cc) "Notice to comply" means a notice issued by the Department may require initiation and/or completion of action necessary to prevent, correct and/or compensate for material damage to Reservation resources which resulted from forest practices.
(dd) "Operator" shall mean any person engaging in forest practices except an employee with wages as his sole compensation.
(ee) "Ordinary high water mark" means the mark on the shores of all waters which will be found by examining the beds and banks and ascertaining where the presence and action of waters are so common and usual, and so long continued in all ordinary years, as to mark upon the soil a character distinct from that of the abutting upland, in respect to vegetation.
(ff) "Partial cutting" means the removal of a portion of the merchantable volume in a stand of timber so as to leave a well-distributed stand of residual, healthy trees that will reasonably utilize the productivity of the soil.
(gg) "Perennial stream" shall mean a stream or stream segment which normally maintains a surface flow of water year round.
(hh) "Person" shall mean any individual, partnership, private, public, tribal or municipal corporation, tribal enterprise, county, the Department or any tribal, state or local governmental entity, or association of individuals of whatever nature.
(ii) "Pesticide" means any insecticide, herbicide, or rodenticide but does not include nontoxic repellents or other chemicals.
(jj) "Plantable area" is an area capable of supporting a commercial stand of timber excluding lands devoted to permanent roads, utility right-of-way, that portion of Streamside Management Zones where scarification is not permitted, and any other area devoted to a use incompatible with commercial timber growing.
(kk) "Power equipment" means all machinery operated with fuel burning or electrical motors, including but not limited to heavy machinery, chain saws, portable generators, pumps, and powered backpack devices.
(ll) "Rehabilitation" means that act of renewing or making useable and reforesting forest land which was poorly stocked or previously nonstocked with commercial species.
(mm) "Relief culvert" means a structure to relieve surface runoff from roadside ditches to prevent excessive buildup in water volume and velocity.
(nn) "Reservation population" shall mean all people residing on any lands, whether trust or fee, within the exterior boundaries of the Colville Indian Reservation.
(oo) "Reservation resources" means land, water, fish, and wildlife and in addition shall mean capital improvements on the Colville Indian Reservation.
(pp) "Residual old-growth" means the old-growth of timber remaining after harvest of a portion of an old-growth stand.
(qq) "Rodenticide" means any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy, or mitigate rodents or any other vertebrate animal which may be declared a pest.
(rr) "Salvage" means the removal of snags, down logs, windthrow, or dead and dying material.
(ss) "Scarification" means loosening the topsoil and/or disrupting the forest floor in preparation for regeneration.
(tt) "Side casting" means the act of moving excavated material to the side and depositing such material within the limits of road construction or dumping over the side and outside the limits of construction.
(uu) "Skid trail" means a route used by tracked or wheeled skidders to move logs to a landing or road.
(vv) "Slash" means nonmerchantable woody material resulting from forest practice activities.
(ww) "Spoil" means excess material removed as overburden or generated during road or landing construction which is not used within limits of construction.
(xx) "Stocking" or "acceptable stocking" shall mean the minimum number of well distributed, vigorous seedlings, saplings or trees per acre of approved species as shall be defined and determined by the Colville Forestry Department and as contained in any approved application adopted pursuant to this Chapter.
(yy) "Stop work order" means the "stop work order" described in Section 4-7-15, and may be issued by the Department to stop violations of this Chapter to prevent damage and/or to correct and/or compensate for damages to Reservation resources or harm to the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population resulting from forest practices.
(zz) "Streamside Management Zone" means a specified area alongside natural waters where specific attentions must be given to the measures that can be taken to protect water quality. These zones shall be measured from the ordinary high water mark of the body of water and measure, at a minimum:
1. One chain (66 feet) in width on each side of a Type 1 and Type 2 Water.
2. One-half chain (33 feet) in width on each side of a Type 3 and Type 4 Water.
In the discretion of the Department, the Streamside Management Zone may be modified, either to expand or narrow it, to take into account localized conditions.
(aaa) "Temperature sensitive waters" means those waters included with the waters identified on the "Water Type Map," the temperature of which may be adversely affected by the removal of shade producing vegetation to the extent that fishery resources, water quality, and/or other Reservation resources would be severely damaged.
(bbb) "Timber" shall mean forest trees, standing or down, of a commercial species, including Christmas trees.
(ccc) "Timber owner" shall mean any person having all/or any part of the legal interest in timber. Where such timber is subject to a contract of sale, "timber owner" shall mean contract purchaser.
(ddd) "Water bar" means a diversion ditch and/or hump in a trail or road for the purpose of carrying surface water runoff into the vegetation duff, ditch, or other dispersion area so that it does not gain volume and velocity which causes soil movement and erosion.
(eee) "Weed" is any undesirable plant which tends to overgrow or choke out more desirable vegetation.
(fff) "Windthrow" means a natural process by which trees are uprooted or sustain severe trunk damage as a result of wind action.
4-7-4 Forest Practice Chapter--Administration--Reviews--Revisions.
(a) This Chapter establishes the minimum standards for forest practices affecting Reservation resources and the Reservation population, and the necessary administrative procedures to achieve the policies and goal of this Chapter.
(b) Forest practice regulations shall be administered and enforced by the Department except as otherwise provided in this Chapter. Enforcement shall be exclusively by civil proceeding.
(c) This Chapter shall be continuously reviewed, and may be revised from time to time by the Tribal Council as technical expertise and Reservation conditions permit. Prior to any such revisions, the Tribal Council shall seek and evaluate recommendations of persons and agencies with expertise or interest in the subject matters.
4-7-5 Classes of Forest Practices.
There are four (4) classes of forest practices created by this Chapter. These classes include all activities conducted on forest land, in groupings that recognize their potential environmental impact on Reservation resources and the health and welfare of the Reservation population. All forest practices, regardless of whether or not they require an application for approval, must be conducted in accordance with this Chapter.
(a) Class I Forest Practices: Those operations that have been determined to have no direct potential for damaging a Reservation resource or the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population are Class I Forest Practices. Unless conditions listed in "Class IV" Forest Practices are present, the following operations may be commenced without notification or application:
1. Forestry research studies and tests by a research organization approved by the Colville Tribes.
2. Removal of live trees, shrubs and plants for personal, noncommercial use, where the root system is attached, so long as removals are not conducted below the ordinary high water mark of any waters.
3. The removal of minor forest products (including live, dead and down material) for personal, noncommercial use (i.e., fire wood, fence posts, poles, fern, etc.), providing that heavy equipment shall not be used.
4. Emergency fir control and suppression.
5. Normal road maintenance except:
A. replacement of bridges and culverts across Types 1, 2, 3 and 4 waters;
B. movement, placement, or replacement of materials which have a direct potential for entering Types 1, 2, 3 and 4 waters.
6. Rocking or rerocking an existing road except when installation or replacement of culverts or bridges across Types 1,2, 3, or 4 waters is involved.
7. Construction of landings less than one (1) acre in size, if not within the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 water.
8. Construction of a driveway for residential, personal noncommercial use, if the limits of construction are not within the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 water.
9. Construction of less than six hundred (600) feet of road or spur if the limits of construction are not within the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 Water.
10. Loading and hauling timber from landings or decks.
11. Slash control and site preparation (other than by chemical means) not involving off-road use of tractors within the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 Water.
(b) Class II Forest Practices: Those operations which the Department has determined to have little potential for environmental damage to Reservation resources, or health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population; Provided, that no forest practice enumerated below may be conducted as "Class II" Forest Practice on lands being, or declared to be converted to another use, or where conditions listed in "Class IV" forest practices are present. Such forest practices require a "Class IV" application. "Class II" forest practices are as follows:
1. Renewal of a prior Class II notification.
2. Renewal of a previously approved Class III Forest Practice application where:
A. no modification of the uncompleted operations is proposed, and
B. no Notice to Comply, Stop Work Orders, or other tribal enforcement actions are outstanding with respect to the prior application.
3. Construction of advance fire trails if the construction does not cross or enter the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1,2, or 3 Water.
4. Opening a new rock or gravel pit of, or extending an existing pit by, less than 1 acre, if none of the operation takes place within the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 Water.
5. The removal of minor forest products such as shakes, poles, posts, etc., for commercial purposes. [Note: The removal and transportation of these materials requires an operator's permit and other approvals. Applicant must contact the Department for information before any activity is commenced.]
6. Road maintenance, rocking, or rerocking on existing road, wherein the movement, placement or replacement of materials has the direct potential for entering Type 4 Water.
7. Replacement of culverts across Type 4 Water.
8. Slash control and site preparation involving off-road use of tractors or other heavy mobile equipment if none of the operation takes place within the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 Water.
9. Ground or mechanical application of chemicals outside of Streamside Management Zones.
(c) Class III Forest Practices: Those operations which the Department has determined to have significant potential for environmental damage to either a Reservation resource to the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population; Provided, that no forest practice enumerated below may be conducted as a Class III Forest Practice on lands being, or declared to be converted to another use. Such Forest Practices require a Class IV application. Included in Class III Forest Practices are the following:
1. All forest practices not listed under Class I, II, or IV forest practices.
2. Any aerial application of chemicals, including insecticides, herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers, etc.
3. Application of chemicals within the Streamside Management Zone.
4. Cable yarding systems, tractors, or other heavy logging equipment except where classed as Class I, II, or IV forest practices.
5. All road construction and reconstruction except as listed in Class I, II, and IV forest practices.
6. Road maintenance and rocking or rerocking an existing road wherein the movement, placement, or replacement of materials has the direct potential for entering Type 1, 2, and 3 Waters, except as classed under Class IV forest practices.
7. Replacement of bridges or culverts across Type 1, 2, and 3 Water.
8. Opening new rock or gravel pits or extension of existing pits over one (1) acre.
9. Slash control and site preparation involving off-road use of tractors, helicopters, or other heavy mobile equipment except as classed under Class I, II and IV forest practices.
10. Construction of fire trails if the construction crosses or enters the Streamside Management Zone of a Type 1 through 4 Water.
(d) Class IV Forest Practices: Those operations which the department has determined to have a potential major environmental or economic impact on either Reservation resources, health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population. At the discretion of the Department, an environmental review may be required before these forest practices may be conducted. As a condition of the approval of Class IV Forest Practices, the forest land owner or operator may be required to furnish and submit an adequately detailed environmental analysis and/or statement to pay for costs reasonably incurred by the Department in preparing and evaluating a forest practices environmental analysis and/or statement. The following are Class IV Forest Practices:
1. All forest products harvesting, road construction, site preparation, aerial or ground application of chemicals, slash control, and pit development on lands identified as follows:
A. all lands zoned as residential, commercial, tourist, or industrial zone pursuant to the Colville Comprehensive Zoning Ordinance, as it now exists or may be afterward be amended,
B. all forest lands within two hundred (200) feet of Omak, Okanogan, Nespelem, Keller, Inchelium, Coulee Dam,
C. all lands within two hundred (200) feet of any park or campground,
D. all lands being or declared to be converted to a non-forest use,
E. other critical or unique resources such as cultural, religious, or historical resources under Tribal or federal law which may be identified from time to time prior to the approval or disapproval of a forest practices application.
2. Timber harvesting, road construction, pit development, site preparation, or aerial or ground application of chemicals within three hundred and thirty (330) feet (5 Chains) of lands identified as fish hatcheries, fish rearing sites, and feeder springs supplying water directly to these sites.
3. Timber harvesting, road construction, pit development, site preparation, or aerial or ground application of chemicals within the Streamside Management Zone of all water identified as Type I Waters,
4. Timber harvesting. road construction, pit development or aerial or ground application of chemicals on lands identified as follows:
A. old growth preserves as identified by boundary markets for water shed protection.
(e) Continuing Review of Forest Practices Classification
1. Pursuant to this Chapter, forest practices shall be included in each of the four (4) classes.
2. Further refinement of four (4) classes may be necessary as additional experience develops under this Chapter. Therefore, the Department is requested to report to the Colville Environmental Quality Commission at least annually on any categories of forest practice which, in the opinion of the Department, should be reclassified:
A. to make the classification better conform to these criteria, and;
B. to provide greater clarity and certainty for potential applicants and others as to which forest practice activities are in Classes I, II, III and IV forest practices.
4-7-6 Water Categories.
(a) The Colville Tribes have established four types of waters in streams, lakes, and ponds within the Reservation boundaries. These waters have been defined as Type 1, 2, 3, or 4 Waters. Streams, stream segments, and other waters may be added to or deleted from the Water Type Map from time to time by the Tribal Council as conditions warrant. "Type 1 Waters" have been further identified on a "Water Type Map." Copies of the stream type classification map shall be available for public inspection at the Department or at the Department Hydrology. Additional "Type 1 Waters" may be identified and added to the stream classification map from time to time upon the recommendation of the Department of Hydrology, but such change shall not affect any pending application. Such lakes, ponds, streams, or stream segments shall be added as "Type 1 Waters" when the Colville Tribes determine that they constitute a critically sensitive resource requiring maximum protection and management.
When so requested by landowners, applicant, or person affected by such recommended addition to Type 1 Waters, the Department shall make available informal conferences which shall include a Department of Hydrology representative and those contesting the adopted water type.
(b) "Type 1 Water" means all waters, within their ordinary high water mark, identified by the Tribal Council as "temperature sensitive" or "critically sensitive" water resource. These Type 1 Waters are identified on the Water Type Map. A "critically sensitive" water resource, as determined by the Tribal Council is a water resource that is necessary for the management, utilization, or protection of Reservation lands or waters including, but not limited to:
1. lake, pond and stream bank protection;
2. major domestic water supplies;
3. tribal and /or public recreation;
4. fish spawning, rearing or migration;
5. wildlife habitat and uses;
6. protection of water quality; and
7. capital improvements.
(c) "Type 2 Water" classification shall be applied to segments of natural waters which:
1. are not classified as "Type 1 Water;"
2. are perennial or intermittent streams which have a well defined channel eight (8) feet in width and greater than four (4) feet in width, between the ordinary high water marks along the majority of the length of the stream segment; and
3. are impoundments having a surface area greater than 0.5 acre at seasonal low water.
(d) "Type 3 Water" classification shall be applied to segments of natural water which:
1. are not classified as "Type 1 or 2 Waters;"
2. are perennial or intermittent streams which have a well defined channel less than eight (8) feet in width and greater than four (4) feet in width, between the ordinary high water marks along the majority of the length of the stream segment; and
3. are impoundments having a surface area greater than 0.2 acre, and less than 0.5 acres, at seasonal low water.
(e) "Type 4 Water" classification shall be applied to segments of natural water which:
1. are not classified as "Type 1, 2, or 3 Waters;"
2. are perennial or intermittent streams which have a well defined channel less than four (4) feet in width between the ordinary high water marks along the majority of the length of the stream segment;
3. are impoundments having a surface area greater than 0.2 acre at seasonal low water; and
4. are areas of perennial or intermittent seepage, ponds, marshes, bogs, and drainage ways having short periods of seasonal or storm run-off.
(f) For purposes of this section:
1. "Natural Waters" only excludes water conveyance systems which are artificially constructed and actively maintained for irrigation.
2. "Seasonal Low Flow" and "Seasonal Low Water" mean the conditions of the seven-day (7 day), two-year (2 year) low water situation, as measured or estimated by accepted hydrologic techniques recognized by the Department.
3. Channel width shall be measured over a representative section of at least five hundred (500) lineal feet with at least ten (10) evenly spaced measurement points along the normal stream channel.
4. "Intermittent Stream" means those segments of streams that normally go dry for a portion of the calendar year.
4-7-7 Applications and Notifications; Policy.
(a) No Class II, III, or IV forest practices shall be commenced unless the Department has received a notification for Class II forest practices, or approved or, conditionally approved an application for Class III or IV fores practices pursuant to this Chapter. Where the time limit for the Department to act on the application has expired and no action thereon has been taken by the Department, and none of the conditions in section 4-7-9(e) exist, the operation may commence, providing that such operations shall comply in all respects with the requirements of this Chapter and other applicable tribal and federal laws.
(b) At the option of the applicant, applications or notifications may be submitted to cover a single forest practice or any number of forest practices within reasonable geographic boundaries as specified by the Department. Long range plans may be submitted to the Department for review and consultation.
(c) The Department shall prescribe the form and contents of the notification and application which shall specify what information is required for the Department to approve or disapprove the application.
(d) Applications and notifications for operations not converting to another use shall be signed by the landowner, the timber owner and the operator; or the operator and accompanied by a consent form signed by the timber owner and the landowner. A consent form may be another document if it is signed by the landowner(s) and it contains a statement acknowledging that he is familiar with this Chapter, including the provisions dealing with conversion to another use. Where the application is not signed by the landowner, the application previously approved without the landowner's signature the new timber owner or operator may be required to submit a bond securing compliance with the requirement of the Forest Practice Regulations as determined necessary by the Department. If an application or notification indicates that the landowner or timber owner is also the operator, or an operator signed the application, no notice need be given regarding any change in subcontractors or similar independent contractors working under the supervision of the operator of record.
(e) Applications and notifications must be delivered to the Department at the appropriate office. Delivery should be in person or by registered or certified mail.
(f) Applications and notifications shall be considered received on the date and time shown on any registered or certified mail receipt, or the written receipt given at the time of personal delivery, or at the time of receipt by general delivery. Applications or notifications that are not complete or are inaccurate will not be considered officially received until the applicant furnishes the necessary information to complete the application. If a notification or application is delivered in person or by mail to the Department by the operator or his authorized agent, the Department shall promptly but not later than 24 hours provide a dated receipt. In all other cases, the Department shall promptly mail a dated receipt to the applicant. Every receipt will indicate the file number assigned to the notification or application.
(g) The information required by the Department on a notification or application may include but shall not be limited to:
1. Name and address of the forest land owner, timber owner, and operator;
2. Description of the proposed forest practice or practices to be conducted;
3. Legal description of the land on which the forest practices are to be conducted;
4. Planimetric and topographic maps of adequate size and detail showing location size of all lakes and streams and other Reservation waters in and immediately adjacent to the operating area and showing all existing and proposed roads and major tractor roads;
5. Description of the silvicultural, harvesting, or other forest practice methods to be used, including the type of equipment to be used and materials to be applied;
6. Proposed plan for reforestation and for any revegetation necessary to reduce erosion potential from roadsides and yarding roads, as required by the Forest Practices Regulations;
7. Soil, geological, and hydrological data with respect to forest practices;
8. The expected dates of commencement and completion of all forest practices specified in the application;
9. Provisions for continuing maintenance of roads and other construction or other measures necessary to afford protection to Reservation resources; and
10. An affirmation that the statements contained in the notification or application are true.
(h) The applicant shall indicate whether any land covered by the application will be converted to a use other than commercial timber production within three (3) years after completion of the forest practices described in it. If the application states that any such land will be converted or is intended to be converted:
1. The reforestation requirements of this Chapter shall not apply if the land in fact is so converted within three (3) years unless applicable alternatives or limitations are provided in forest practices regulations issued under this Chapter as now or hereafter amended;
2. Completion of such forest practice operations shall be deemed conversion of the lands to another use;
3. Conversion to a use other than commercial timber operations upon completion of such forest practices without appropriate consent or approval from the Colville Business Council constitutes a violation of those laws for which such consent or approval is required.
(i) Before the operator commences any forest practice in a manner significantly different from that described in a previously filed notification or application, there shall be submitted to the Department a new application or notification in the manner set forth in this section.
(j) The notification to or approval given by the Department to conduct a forest practice shall be effective for a term of one year from the date of notification or approval. If a written notice is submitted to the Department thirty (30) days before such one year term ends, an extension for one year may be granted and no new notification or application shall be required, providing that the forest practices to be employed remain the same and the Department does not believe a new notification or application is needed.
(k) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no prior notification or application shall be required for any emergency forest practice necessitated by fire, flood, windstorm, earthquake or other emergency defined by the Colville Environmental Quality Commission, but the operator shall submit an application or notification, whichever is applicable, to the Department within forty-eight (48) hours after commencement of such practice, provided that the operator shall comply with any Stop Work Order or Notice to Comply the same as if such forest practices were being performed pursuant to an approved application.
4-7-9 Application Time Limits.
(a) A properly completed application delivered to the Department shall be approved, disapproved within fourteen (14) working days for Class III and thirty (30) working days for Class IV forest practices, except:
1. The extent the Department is prohibited from approving the application by this Chapter.
2. For "Class IV" applications when the Department has determined an environmental review or statement must be prepared, the application must be approved, disapproved or approved with conditions within thirty (30) working days after receipt by the Department. The cost of preparing any review or statement by the Department shall be upon the application as a condition to approval of the application. When a Class IV application involves land to be converted to another use, a copy of the application shall be transmitted to the Colville Business Council.
(b) Where an application covers both Class III and Class IV forest practices, the Department shall have thirty (30) calendar days to respond, except more time may be authorized as in (a) above.
(c) If the application indicates that it covers only Class III forest practices and the Department determines it involves some Class IV forest practices, within fourteen (14) calendar days the Department shall either so indicate or approve or disapprove the application.
(d) Where a notification is submitted for operations which the Department determines involve Class III or IV forest practices, the Department shall issue a Stop Work Order or take other appropriate action. If the operations were otherwise in compliance with this Chapter, no penalty should be imposed for those operations which occurred prior to the enforcement action; Provided, that no damage to a Reservation resource or to the Reservation population resulted from such operations, and the operations commenced more than five (5) days from receipt by the Department of the notification.
(e) If the Department fails to approve, conditionally approve or disapprove an application or any portion thereof within the applicable time limit, the applicant may apply to the Colville Environmental Commission to issue an order that the Department act upon the application within such time as the Commission shall order.
(f) If seasonal field conditions prevent the Department from being able to properly evaluate the application, the Department shall have an additional sixty (60) days to act upon the application.
4-7-10 Approval an Disapproval Policy.
(a) Applications shall be approved except to the extent the Department finds:
1. The application is incomplete, improperly filed, or inaccurate.
2. The Colville Business Council has filed timely objections to the approval and the application indicates that it involves lands being converted to another use.
3. The operator has been enjoined from conducting forest practices by a Colville Tribal Court action under this Chapter.
4. Conducting the operation(s) in accordance with the application would be inconsistent with this Chapter and no acceptable alternate plan is approved.
(b) If an application is properly filed but portions of it must be disapproved or approved only with conditions, any portions of the proposed operations which can be separately conducted in compliance with this Chapter without reasonable risk to a Reservation resource or the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population shall be approved.
(c) The Department shall specify the particular operation or parts thereof disapproved or conditionally approved and the reasons therefore, citing the provision(s) of these Regulations with which the proposed operations(s) do not comply.
(d) Approval shall be effective for operations to take place within twelve (12) months from the date issued.
(e) Whenever an approved application authorizes a forest practice which, because of soil condition, proximity to a water course or other unusual factor, has a potential for causing material damager to either a Reservation resource or to the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population, as determined by the Department, the applicant shall, when requested on the approved application, notify the Department two (2) days before the commencement of actual operations.
(f) All approvals are subject to any conditions stipulated on the approved application and to any subsequent additional requirements set forth in a Stop Work Order or a Notice to Comply.
4-7-11 Conversion to Nonforest Use.
If an application to harvest signed by the landowner indicates that within three (3) years after completion, the forest land will be used for an active use which is incompatible with timber growing, the reforestation requirements of these regulations shall not apply and the information relating to reforestation on the application form need not be supplied. However, if such other use is not initiated within three (3) years after such harvest is completed, the reforestation requirements shall apply and such reforestation shall be completed within one (1) additional year.
4-7-12 Enforcement Policy.
It is the policy of this Chapter to encourage informal, practical, result-orientated resolution of alleged violations and actions needed to prevent damage to Reservation resources or harm to the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population. It is also the policy of this Chapter, consistent with the principles of due process, to provide effective procedures for enforcement. This Chapter provides the following enforcement procedures: informal conferences; Notices to Comply; Stop Work Orders; corrective actions by the Department; civil penalties; injunctions and other civil and administrative judicial relief. The enforcement procedure used in any particular case shall be appropriate in view of the nature and extent of the violation or the damage or risk to Reservation resources and the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population and the degree of bad faith or good faith of the persons involved.
4-7-13 Informal Conferences.
(a) Opportunity mandatory. The Department shall afford the operator or his representative reasonable opportunities to discuss proposed enforcement actions at an informal conference prior to taking further enforcement action, unless the Department determines that there may be either imminent environmental damages to a Reservation resource or adverse impact upon the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population. Informal conferences may be used at any stage in enforcement proceedings, except that the Department may refuse to conduct informal conferences with respect to any matter then pending before the Colville Environmental Quality Commission or the Colville Tribal Court.
(b) Reports required. Department personnel in attendance at informal conference shall keep written notes of the date and place of the conference, the persons in attendance, the subject matter discussed, and any decisions reached with respect to further enforcement action.
(c) Records available. Copies of written notes shall be sent to each participant in the conference, be kept in the Department files until one (1) year after final action on the application involved, and be open to public inspection.
4-7-14 Notice to Comply--Contents--Procedures--Hearing--Final Order--Limitations on Actions.
(a) Where a violation has occurred, and such violation may result in or may cause material damage to a Reservation resource or harm to the Reservation population, then the Department may issue and serve upon the operator or landowner a notice which shall clearly set forth:
1. The specific nature, extent, and time of failure to comply with the approved application; or identifying the damage or potential damage to a Reservation resource or harm to the Reservation population; and/or
2. The relevant provisions of this Chapter relating thereto;
3. The right of the operator or landowner to a hearing before the Department; and
4. The specific course of action ordered by the Department to be followed by the operator to correct such failure to comply and to prevent, correct and/or compensate for material damage to Reservation resources or harm to the Reservation population which resulted from any violation, unauthorized deviation, or willful or negligent disregard for potential damage to a Reservation resource; and/or those courses of action necessary to prevent continuing damage to Reservation resources or harm to the Reservation population where the damage is resulting from any violations, unauthorized deviation, or negligence.
(b) The Department shall mail a copy thereof to the forest land owner and the timber owner at the addresses shown on the application, showing the date of service upon the operator. The operator shall undertake the course of action so ordered by the Department unless, within fifteen (15) days after the date of service of such Notice to Comply, the operator, forest landowner, or timber owner, shall request the Department in writing to schedule a hearing. If so requested by the operator, the Department shall schedule a hearing on a date not more than twenty (20) days after receiving such request. Within ten (10) days after such hearing, the Department shall issue an interim order either withdrawing its Notice to Comply or clearly setting forth the specific course of action to be followed by such operator. Such interim order shall become final ten (10) days after its issuance and the operator shall undertake the course of action so ordered by the Department unless within this ten (10) day period the operator, forest landowner, or timber owner elects to exhaust his administrative remedies by appealing such interim order to the Colville Environmental Quality Commission. The order of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission shall be final agency action from which there is the right of judicial review.
4-7-15 Stop Work Order--Grounds--Contents--Procedure--Appeals.
(a) The Department shall have the authority to serve upon an operator an Order which shall be a Stop Work Order if there is any violation of the provisions of this Chapter or the approved application and immediate action necessary to prevent continuation of or to avoid material damage to a Reservation resource or harm to the Reservation population.
(b) The Stop Work Order shall set forth:
1. The specific nature, extent, and time of the violation, deviation, damage, or potential damage;
2. An order to stop all work in connection with the violation, deviation, damage, or potential damage;
3. The specific course of action needed to correct such violation or deviation or to prevent damage and to correct and/or compensate for damage to Reservation resources which has resulted from any violation, unauthorized deviation, or willful or negligent disregard for potential damage to a Reservation resource or potential harm to the Reservation population; and/or those courses of action necessary to prevent continuing damage to Reservation resources or harm to the Reservation population where the damage is resulting from the forest practice activities but has not resulted from any violation, unauthorized deviation, or negligence; and
4. The right of the operator to a hearing before the Colville Environmental Quality Commission: The Department shall immediately file a copy of such order with the Colville Environmental Quality Commission and mail a copy thereof to the timber owner and forest land owner at the addresses shown on the application. The operator, timber owner, or forest land owner may commence an appeal to the Colville Environmental Quality Commission within fifteen (15) days after service upon the operator. If such appeal is commenced, a hearing shall be held not more than twenty (20) days after copies of the notice of appeal were filed with the Colville Environmental Quality Commission. The operator shall comply with the order of the Department immediately upon being served, but the Colville Environmental Quality Commission, if requested, shall have authority to continue or discontinue in whole or in part the order of the Department under such conditions as it may impose pending the outcome of the proceeding.
4-7-16 Failure to Take Required Course of Action--Notice of Cost--Department Authorized to Complete Course of Action--Liability of Owner for Costs.
If an operator fails to undertake and complete any course of action with respect to a forest practice, as required by final order of the Department or a final decision of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission, the Department may determine the cost thereof and give written notice of such cost to the operator, the timber owner and the owner of the forest land upon or in connection with which such forest practice was being conducted. If such operator, timber owner, or forest land owner fails within thirty (30) days after such notice is given to undertake such course of action, or having undertaken such course of action fails to complete it within a reasonable time, the Department may expend any funds available to undertake and complete such course of action and such operator, timber owner, and forest land owner shall be jointly and severely liable for the actual, direct cost thereof, but in no case more than the amount set forth in the notice from the Department, plus attorney fees, investigatory, court and other costs. If not paid within sixty (60) days after the Department completes such course of action and notifies such forest land owner in writing of the amount due, such amount shall become an obligation on such forest land and the Reservation Attorney at the Department's direction shall enforce this obligation to the extent provided by law.
4-7-17 Failure to Obey Stop Work Order--Department Action Authorized--Liability of Owner or Operator for Costs.
When the operator has failed to obey a Stop Work Order the Department may take immediate action to prevent continuation of or avoid material damage to Reservation resources or adverse impact on the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population. If a final order or decision fixes liability with the operator, timber owner, or forest land owner, they shall be jointly and severely liable for such emergency costs which may be collected in any manner provided for in tribal law.
4-7-18 Failure to Comply with Water Quality Protection--Department of Hydrology Authorized to Petition Colville Environmental Quality Commission--Action on Petition.
If the Department of Hydrology determines that a person has failed to comply with this Chapter or an approved application relating to water quality protection, and that the Department of Forestry has not issued a Stop Work Order or Notice to Comply, the Department of Hydrology shall inform the Department of Forestry thereof. If the Department of Forestry fails to take authorized enforcement action within twenty-four (24) hours under this Chapter, the Department of Hydrology may petition to the Chairman of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission, who shall, within forty-eight (48) hours, initiate negotiations between the Department heads or directors and either deny the petition or direct the Department of Forestry to immediately issue a Stop Work Order or Notice to Comply or to impose a penalty. This action is in the nature of internal agency deliberations and shall not give rise to administrative or judicial review therefrom.
4-7-19 Inspection--Right of Entry.
(a) The Department shall make inspection of forest lands, before, during and after the conducting of forest practices as necessary for the purpose of insuring compliance with this Chapter and to insure that no material damage shall occur to either Reservation resources or the health and welfare of the Reservation population as a result of such practices.
(b) Any duly authorized representative of the Department shall have the right to enter upon forest land at any reasonable time to enforce the provisions of this Chapter.
(c) In the event a duly authorized representative of the Department is denied access to enter upon any forest lands at reasonable times to enforce the provisions of this Chapter, the Department may apply for administrative civil search warrant to the Colville Tribal Court which shall have authority to issue such search warrant upon reasonable cause.
4-7-20 Civil Remedial Actions--Monetary Compensation--Notice--Right of Appeal.
(a) Every person who fails to comply with the provision of this Chapter, as now or hereafter amended, shall be required to pay civil monetary damages in the full amount of the costs of detecting and repairing any damages done as a result of the violation plus the administrative costs of enforcement, including but not limited to investigatory costs, expert witnesses and collection of such damages, including attorney's fees. In the event a specific monetary value cannot readily be placed on such damages, every such violating person shall be required to pay civil monetary damages in the liquidated amount of five hundred dollars ($500.00) per day for each such violation. In the case of a failure to comply with a written notice from the Department, every day's continuance after serving of the written notice shall be a separate and distinct violation.
(b) In the event a specific monetary value cannot be placed on such damages, every such violating person shall be required to pay civil monetary damages in the minimum liquidated amount of five hundred dollars ($500.00) per day for each such violation. Each day of such operation shall constitute a separate violation.
(c) Written Notice--The remedial action herein provided for shall be imposed by a notice in writing, either by certified mail with return receipt requested or by personal service, to the person incurring the same from the Department, describing the violation with reasonable particularity. The person incurring civil damages pursuant to this section may within thirty (30) days of receipt of notice apply in writing to the Department for the remission or mitigation of such remedial action. Upon receipt of the application, the Department may remit or mitigate the remedial action upon whatever terms the Department, in its discretion, deems proper; Provided, that the Department deems such remission or mitigation to be in the best interests of carrying out the purposes of this Chapter. Any compensation imposed hereunder shall become due and payable thirty (30) days after receipt of such notice or thirty (30) days after the conclusion of any administrative or judicial appeals. The Department shall have authority to ascertain the facts regarding all such applications in a reasonable manner.
(d) Right of Appeal--Any person incurring any civil remedial action hereunder may appeal the same to the Colville Environmental Quality Commission. Unless such an appeal is taken, the civil remedial action hereunder shall be final and binding upon the person(s) affected by that civil remedial action. Such appeals shall be filed within thirty (30) days of receipt of notice imposing any penalty unless an application for remission or mitigation is made to the Department. When such an application for remission or mitigation is made, such appeals shall be filed within thirty (30) days of receipt of notice from the Department setting forth the disposition of the application. The decision of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission shall be final agency action for purposes of judicial review.
(e) Enforcement Action--If the amount of any compensation is not paid to the Department within thirty (30) days after it becomes due and payable, the Office of the Reservation Attorney, upon request of the Department, shall bring action in the Colville Tribal Court to recover such compensation.
The Colville Tribes, through the Colville Tribal Court, may take any necessary action to enforce any final order or final decision after such person has failed to comply with the final order or the final decision.
4-7-22 Administrative Appellate and Judicial Review.
(a) Any person aggrieved by any order, decision, or other action of the Department may obtain administrative appellate review thereof by submission of a timely petition to the Colville Environmental Quality Commission pursuant to the standards and procedures of the Colville Administrative Procedure Act. Such petition for administrative appellate review shall be filed with the Chairman of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission within thirty (30) days of the date of the order, decision, or other action which is the subject of such appeal. Exhaustion of such administrative appellate review is a jurisdictional requirement to judicial review.
(b) Any person directly affected by any final order, final decision or other final action of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission may obtain judicial review of such order, decision or action by filing a timely petition with the Colville Tribal Court pursuant to the Colville Administrative Procedure Act. Such petition for judicial review shall be filed with the Court, as a civil matter under the Colville Tribal Code, within twenty (20) days of the decision of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission. Unless declared invalid upon judicial review, a final order, final decision, or other final action of the Colville Environmental Quality Commission shall be binding upon all parties.
4-7-23 Cooperation with Public Agencies--Grants and Gifts.
Subject to approval of the Colville Business Council the Department is authorized to accept, receive, disburse and administer grants or other funds or gifts from any source, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Chapter and to consult and cooperate with federal and state agencies in matters pertaining to this Chapter. Subject to approval by the Business Council, the Department is further authorized to negotiate inter-governmental agreements which may create, modify, or change duties established by this Chapter; Provided, that no regulatory changes shall be valid unless made in accordance with the Colville Administrative Procedure Act.
4-7-24 Statutes and Trust Responsibility Not Modified.
Nothing in this Chapter as now or hereafter amended shall modify or waive any requirement to comply with applicable federal laws and regulations. Nothing in this Chapter as now or hereafter amended shall be construed to modify, waive or impair the trust responsibility of the United States.
4-7-25 Waiver of Regulations.
Whenever a strict interpretation of this Chapter, or the regulatory program established pursuant to this Chapter, would result in extreme hardship, the Department may waive or modify such regulatory requirements or portion thereof; Provided, that such waiver or modification shall be consistent with the intent of this Chapter and; Provided further, that no such waiver shall be granted where material damage to Reservation resources, or adverse impact upon health and welfare of the Reservation population, shall result therefrom.
If any provision of this Chapter, or the application thereof, to any person or circumstances is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or application of this Chapter which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end, the provisions of this Chapter are declared to be severable.
Best Management Practices
4-7-60 Roads Classification System.
In this Chapter, roads of the Colville Reservation are designated as falling into five classes as follows:
(a) CLASS I - Forest roads designated as primary haul roads which are to remain active and publicly accessible as a part of the Reservation road network. They will be surfaced (either paved or graveled) and usually provide access to major physiographic areas or timbered regions. Roads will be maintained during and after completion of the timber sale that initiated construction.
(b) CLASS II - Forest roads designated as secondary haul roads which are to remain active and publicly accessible as a part of the Reservation road network. They are normally surfaced and provide access to principal drainage areas or connect with Class I and V roads. Roads will be maintained during and after completion of the timber sale that initiated construction.
(c) CLASS III - Branch roads which are minor haul roads providing access to smaller drainages or areas. They are normally unsurfaced but may be maintained for administration and fire protection use after the sale is completed. These roads will remain publicly accessible. Non-active roads will be closed and "put to bed."
(d) CLASS IV - Spur roads which are temporary roads used for short periods to haul timber short distances. They are unsurfaced and will be promptly closed after timber sale is completed.
(e) CLASS V - Non-forest roads are existing roads which are a part of the Reservation road network. This class of roads can and usually does serve as a forest transport road. (Class I and II roads will generally connect with subclass 1 and 2 routes).
1. Highways (US #97, State Roads 155, 21, and 17)
2. Major Arterials (Bridge Creek, Cache Creek, Manilla Creek and Silver Creek)
3. Feeder (city and community streets)
4. Collector connectors.
4-7-61 Road Construction and Maintenance Best Management Practices.
The following Best Management Practices (BMPs) shall be guidelines applicable to forest road construction and maintenance. These guidelines shall be utilized to select the appropriate road location design and construction standards and maintenance practices that best balance economics and water quality objectives, including but not limited to :
1. Minimize road density by using existing and abandoned roads whenever possible and practical. Keep new road construction at an absolute minimum.
2. Locate roads to minimize disturbance to all water bodies on the Reservation. Avoid locating roads in narrow canyons, marshes, wet meadows, natural drainage channels, and geological hazard areas.
3. Locate roads a safe distance from streams or lakes when running parallel to water bodies. At a minimum, do not locate roads within Streamside Management Zones.
4. Fit the road to the topography to minimize soil disturbance. Locate roads to take advantage of naturally stable areas, such as natural benches, ridgetops, flatter slopes, etc.
5. Keep road grades within 8-10%, or less, where possible and practical. Where excessive excavation requirements or topography constraints are present, occasional grades of up to 15% may be used with prior Department approval. Keep steep segments as short as possible where the grade necessarily exceeds 8-10%.
6. Avoid long, continuous grades; avoid long, completely flat segments where ponding will occur.
7. Avoid headwalls at a tributary drainage source on ridgetop routes. Locate roads slightly off-center on ridge-top routes.
8. Avoid locating roads on excessively steep, unstable, erosional, or slide prone slopes. Obtain soils and area geophysical information and review sensitive lands maps where available and survey adjacent similar areas for vegetation and topographic "indicators" for suspected problem areas.
9. Minimize the number of stream crossings. All stream crossings must be approved by the Department in writing prior to any such action being taken by any person.
10. Choose crossing locations at right angles to the stream channel.
1. Build the minimum adequate road for the logging system used. Design roads which can carry the anticipated traffic load with reasonable safety, accomplish the harvest requirements economically, and minimize impacts to the other resources available in the area.
2. Fit the road to the topography so that alterations of natural features are minimized.
A. Minimize and balance cuts and fills. Use waste excavation in fills to avoid heavy sidecasts whenever feasible.
B. Sacrifice alignment to avoid heavy excavation. Fit the road to the topography so landscape alterations are minimized.
C. Plan and locate switchbacks on the flattest slope available to avoid heavy excavation.
D. Avoid sidecasting material on slopes over fifty (50) percent which are terminated within five hundred (500) feet of a stream or lake.
E. Fill slope ratios unless otherwise approved by the Department are:
Common earth -- 1-1/2:1
Rock -- 1-1/2:1
Sandy Soil -- 2:1
F. Cut slope ratios unless otherwise approved by the Department are:
Common earth (on slopes over 70%) -- 3/4:1
Common earth (on slopes to 50%) -- 1/2:1
Hardpan, broken or soft-rock -- 1/3:1
Rock -- 1/4:1
3. Design roads to minimize interference with surface and subsurface drainage patterns.
4. Plan stream crossings with care so that channel and bank disturbance is minimized.
5. Where necessary to protect fill embankments from stream erosion, a head wall (usual riprap or gabions) is recommended to prevent erosion of the fill.
6. All roads should be designed with adequate permanent or temporary water management and/or crossing structures so that the road does not become a source of erosion and sedimentation.
A. All roads shall be outsloped or ditched on the uphill side and appropriate surface drainage shall be provided by the use of crowning, ditching, adequate culverts or cross drains and bridges as the location, road standard or topography may require.
B. Cross drains, relief culverts, and diversion ditches shall not discharge directly into natural waters or onto erodible soils or fill slopes unless adequate outfall protection is provided which prevents erosion.
C. Effective drainage structures shall be installed at all low points in the road gradient. Generally, spacing should be no wider than as follows:
|Road Gradient||Maximum Drainage Spacing|
|0 to 8||1200 feet|
|9% to 15%||900 feet||15% and over||600 feet|
This guideline provides only a rule of thumb approximation. Parent material, slope position and drainage area or pattern may dictate wider or closer spacings.
D. Drainage structures on permanent roads shall be designed to handle a fifty (50) year flood and should be functional at all times. Structures damaged or plugged by logging activities shall be cleaned or replaced before runoff occurs.
E. Drainage structures on temporary roads which cross natural watercourses shall be designed to handle a twenty-five (25) year flood and shall be removed upon completion of use, restoring the watercourse to its original water carrying capacity.
F. Relief culverts installed on forest roads shall meet the following minimum specifications:
(i) Be at least eighteen (18) inches in diameter or the equivalent.
(ii) Be installed with adequate headwalls, where needed, and sloping downward toward the outside shoulder of the road at a minimum to keep the culvert clean and at a maximum of four (4) percent.
G. Drainage structures and relief culverts shall be installed concurrently as road work progresses.
H. Design road grades and locate culverts so silt will settle out and not drain into the watercourses.
(c) Road Construction
1. Merchantable timber removed for right-of-way construction shall be removed or decked at suitable locations where the timber will not be covered by fill or sidecast. Fall all trees that lie within the required right-of-way boundary, prior to subgrade construction. Fall all danger tree snags and leaners as directed by the Department which could unpredictably fall and hit the road.
2. Deposit excess debris, slash and road building materials in stable locations outside of the Streamside Management Zone.
3. Do not allow the low point of a grade break to occur on deep fills if possible.
4. All ditches, culverts, cross drains, water bars and diversion ditches shall be installed concurrently with construction of the roadway.
5. Alter the spacing of surface drainage structures, if necessary, so that water spills on stable areas.
6. Avoid unnecessary soil and vegetation disturbance.
7. Do not divert the runoff or streamflow from two or more drainages into one channel.
8. Do not dredge materials from streams for road construction.
9. Clear stream channel of all debris and slash generated during operations prior to removal of construction equipment from the vicinity or the winter season, whichever is first.
10. End haul or overhaul construction is required where sidecase material would rest within the Streamside Management Zone of Type 1 through 4 Waters, or where there is a potential for massive soil failure from overloading on unstable slopes or for damage to Reservation resources as determined by the Department.
11. Materials used in road construction shall be free of loose stumps, excessive accumulation of slash, and woody material of more than three (3) cubic feet.
12. During road construction, fills or embankments shall be built up in two-foot layers. Each layer shall be compacted by operating the tractor or other equipment over the entire surface of the layer. Chemical compacting agents may be used in accordance with 4-7-86 and 4-7-87.
13. Construction shall be accomplished when low flow periods and soil conditions are least likely to result in extensive erosion and/or soil movement.
14. Spoil and debris shall be deposited outside the Streamside Management Zone. When spoil or other debris is deposited in an appropriate location, embankments so formed shall be compacted by layering, or so stabilized that the risk of its later entering Streamside Management Zone is minimal.
15. When soil exposed by road construction appears to be unstable or erodible, and is so located that slides, slips, slumps or washing may reasonably be expected to cause unreasonable damage to a Reservation resource, them such exposed soil areas shall be seeded with grass, other cover, or be treated by other means acceptable to the Department.
16. When temporary stream crossings are necessary, pick locations requiring a minimum of bank disturbance and soil displacement. Equipment shall not be used in stream crossings without prior written approval of the Department.
17. Fully backslope each graded section except where vertical banks are proven to be more stable than sloping ones.
18. Rough grade a new road only as far as that road can be completely finished during the current construction season. Drain incompleted segments of permanent or temporary roads to be left over the winter season or other extended periods, outsloping or ditching with cross drains, water bars and diversion ditches to minimize soil erosion and stream siltation.
19. Do not conduct earth moving activities when the soils are saturated. Construct grades through wet soils during the dry season.
20. Use grade changes (concave vertical curve) to turn water off roads, particularly to protect fills at stream crossings.
21. Shut down construction during periods of heavy rainfall.
1. A bridge is required for crossing any stream or lake which is regularly used for recreational boating as designated by the Department.
2. Permanent bridges shall be designed and constructed at the minimum to pass without obstruction the fifty (50) year flood level of the stream it spans. Bridges shall be designed by a registered engineer unless the Department authorizes specific exemptions for particular bridge crossings.
3. One end of each new permanent log or wood stringer bridge should be tied or firmly anchored, if the elevation of the bridge is within ten (10) vertical feet of the fifty (50) year flood level.
4. Plan all construction activities in the streams to coincide with low seasonal streamflows.
5. Excavation for placement of bridge sills, piers, abutments or wing walls shall be done from outside the ordinary high water mark, unless such operations are authorized by the Department.
6. Construction equipment shall be operated in a manner that will cause the least aggravation to the stream bed and banks. Remove any stumps, logs, chunks, branches, etc., that might have been pushed into the stream bed during construction.
7. Bridge approaches shall slope away from the bridge deck to avoid drainage onto the deck and into the water body. This will also extend the life of the bridge.
8. Bridge approach fills and banks shall be stabilized as necessary to prevent undue or excessive erosion, paying particular attention to proper ditching. Riprap, bulkheads, wing walls or other measures may be required.
9. Stream bed bank areas shall be restored as nearly as possible to their original condition upon completion of the project.
10. When earthen materials are used for bridge surfacing, curbs or guards of adequate size shall be installed which will prevent the surface material from entering the stream.
11. Temporary bridges shall be installed during low water periods, used and removed before the following peak water flow (spring runoff).
1. All permanent culverts shall be capable of handling the fifty (50) year flood.
2. Minimum sizes of permanent culverts are:
A. Thirty-six (36) inches in diameter for migratory fish streams. Migratory fish streams are those containing a species of fish which must move to another body of water to complete its life cycle. Open bottom culverts may be required.
B. Twenty-four (24) inches in diameter for resident game fish streams. Open bottomed culverts may be required.
C. Eighteen (18) inches in diameter for other waters.
3. Culverts constructed for permanent stream crossing should be of galvanized steel, concrete, aluminum or plastic and of sufficient gauge or thickness. Two feet or half the diameter of the culvert, whichever is greater, shall be the minimum overburden.
4. The alignment and slope of the culvert shall conform to the natural flow of the stream for all streams.
5. In areas where fish are present, the bottom of the culvert shall be installed slightly below the natural stream bottom at both ends of the culvert.
6. All culvert installations shall terminate on materials that will not readily erode under full flow of the culvert.
A. If water is diverted from its natural channel, return the water to its natural channel via culvert, flume spillway or other nonerodible structure.
B. When flumes, downspouts, downfall culverts, etc., are used to protect erodible soils or return water to its stream course, the discharge point must be protected from erosion by: reducing water velocity by catch basins, use of rock spillways or gabions, riprapping, or installing permanent splash plates.
7. Culvert approaches shall be hand cleared of natural and logging debris for a distance of one hundred (100) feet upstream from the culvert inlet of all material that may reasonably be expected to plug the culvert.
8. The inlet ends of all ditch culverts shall have adequate catch basins and headwalls to minimize the risks of culvert siltation and "by-pass" of the culvert from erosion of the headwall. Rock headwalls shall be placed on all culverts where annual peak flows exceed 100 cfs; and where headwall erosion is expected on smaller streams, as determined by the Department.
9. Ditch culverts that may reasonably by expected to carry near capacity water volumes or to encounter some siltation should:
A. Be skewed at least twenty-five (25) degrees from perpendicular to the roadbed in the direction of water flow.
B. Have a smooth gradient drop of not less than two (2) percent.
10. Fill around culverts shall be compacted during placement to avoid failure by undercutting and streambed excavation shall be avoided.
11. All required culverts, ditches, cross drains, drainage dips, water bars, and diversion ditches shall be installed concurrently with construction of the roadway.
(f) Temporary Water Crossings
1. "Fording" or limited crossing utilize the natural streambed as a road may be conditionally permitted through approval of specific crossings site location(s), frequency and dates of occurrence.
2. Temporary bridges or culverts, adequate to carry the twenty-five (25) year flood for the operation period can be used when:
A. A permanent road is not justifiable, and
B. The temporary structure is installed after spring runoff and removed prior to the possibility of commencement of the following spring runoff.
3. Install culverts in a manner which will cause the least amount of siltation. Limit tractor or machine activity in bed or stream to the absolute minimum necessary for culvert installation, and time this activity to coincide with low flow periods (late summer and early fall).
4. Temporary bridges or culverts shall be promptly removed upon completion of use. The removal shall include:
A. Restoration of the stream channel to its original water carrying capacity.
B. Efforts to avoid siltation to the streambed.
C. Remove or protect approaches to the crossings by riprapping, revegetating, or whatever means necessary to insure the stabilization of the approach below the fifty (50) year flood level.
(g) Road Maintenance
1. Maintain roads immediately after logging and whenever necessary by cleaning ditch lines, blading debris from empty landings, trimming damaged culvert ends and chunking out culvert openings.
2. Place all material obtained during maintenance of ditches, etc., in a safe bench or cove location. Never deposit such material directly into a streambed or in areas where the material can be washed into a stream during high flow periods.
3. Retain outslope drainage and remove all berms on the outside edge, except those intentionally constructed for the protection of road grade fills.
4. Control roadside brush only to the extent required for good road maintenance.
A. Use mechanical brush control if practical.
B. Chemical control should not be used if there is a risk that chemicals will enter any water course. Chemical control guidelines are discussed in detail in section 4-7-86.
5. Road surfaces shall be maintained to reduce erosion and water quality degradation potential by using water, surface binders, sealers, or oilmats. All road surface treatments, except water, shall not be sprayed within the Streamside Management Zone for those existing road segments that are within the established zones. Extreme care should be exercised to avoid excess application of any treatment.
(h) Active Roads.
An active road is a forest road actively being used for hauling logs, chips or other major forest products or rock or other road building material. To the extent necessary to protect Reservation resources the following maintenance shall be conducted on such roads:
1. Culverts, ditches, water bars and all other drainage structures must be kept open and functional and shall be inspected annually.
2. The road surface shall be maintained as necessary to minimize erosion of the surface and subgrade:
A. Roads shall be watered or treated with chemicals to prevent "powdering" of the road surface.
B. During and upon completion of the operation, road surfaces shall be crowned, outsloped, or waterbarred and unnecessary berms removed to prevent erosion of the roadbed.
3. All ditches and drainage structures shall be cleaned of slash, debris, and siltation upon completion of operation. Structures damaged or made less effective as a result of the operation shall be replaced or restored.
(i) Abandoned Roads.
An abandoned road is a forest road which the forest owner does not intend to be used again for commercial hauling of forest products. No subsequent maintenance of an abandoned road is required after the following procedures are completed:
1. Road services shall be outsloped, water barred, revegetated, or otherwise left in a stable condition suitable to prevent erosion.
2. Ditches shall be adequate to carry water loads and cleaned on completion of use.
3. Temporary culverts, bridges or other water crossing structures shall be removed.
4. The road shall be blocked to vehicular traffic and should be posted "Closed to Vehicular Traffic."
(j) Road Ballast and Spoil Disposal Areas.
1. Road or gravel pits shall be located a safe distance from streamways. At a minimum, do not locate road or gravel pits in the Streamside Management Zone. Pit runoff shall be directed away from the water course. Rock removal from streambeds overflow channels is not permitted.
2. During construction and operation of rock quarries, gravel pits or borrow pits, runoff water shall either be diverted to the forest floor or passed through one or more settling basins, as approved by the Department.
3. During operation, surface flows shall be prevented from passing through or out of borrow pit areas.
4. If rock is to be washed provision shall be made for adequate settling basin(s) to prevent any stream siltation.
5. Spoil disposal areas shall be located:
A. Outside Streamside Management Zones.
B. Where the final slopes after completion of the project will be no greater than the fill slope ratios set forth in section 4-7-61(b) (2)(E) for the material dumped.
C. On areas having the lowest potential timber productivity, where practical.
D. On slopes where the risk of erosion or mass soil movement is minimal.
E. All spoil will be placed to allow drainage without water ponding.
6. All rock quarries, gravel pits, spoil areas and borrow areas in use when these regulations are adopted shall be reclaimed within two (2) years from the time the rock or gravel source is exhausted or abandoned. The landowner and/or operator are jointly responsible for reclamation. The Department may require posting of a reclamation bond to secure performance of reclamation work. Reclamation procedures include:
A. Remove all deleterious material that has potential for damaging Reservation resources or that would prevent reforestation of an otherwise plantable area.
B. Grade all cut and fill slopes to the fill slope ratios set forth in section 4-7-61(b)(2)(E) for material present, unless otherwise approved.
C. Reforest to the extent practical.
D. Seed or plant unreforested, erodible soils with grass or other soil binding ground cover.
E. Grade pit floor to provide uniform natural drainage and to prevent ponding.
4-7-62 Brush Control.
Chemical control of roadside brush shall not be done where chemicals will directly enter any Type 1,2, or 3 Waters or flowing Type 4 Waters.
4-7-63 Road Surface Treatment.
(a) Apply oil that is not contaminated by any substance that is potentially hazardous to any Reservation resource or to the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population to the road surface only when the air temperature is above fifty-five (55) degrees F., when the ground is frost free and during the season when there is minimal chance of rain for the next forty-eight (48) hours.
(b) Water the road surface prior to the application of oil to assist in penetration.
(c) Construct a temporary berm alongside the road shoulder where needed to control runoff of the applied chemical.
(d) Take extreme care to avoid excess application of road chemicals. Shut off the flow at the Streamside Management Zone.
(e) When cleaning out storage tanks or the application equipment tanks used for storage and application of road treatment materials, dispose of the rinse water, other fluids and solids on the road surface or in a place safe from potential contamination of water.
4-7-64 Timber Harvesting Best Management Practices.
The Best Management Practices (BMPs) listed in the following sections shall be applicable to timber harvest activities on all lands within the Colville Indian Reservation. Unless departure from these BMPs is authorized in advance in writing, these BMPs shall apply to all timber harvest activities including but not limited to removal of timber from forest lands in commercial operations, commercial thinning, salvage of timber, relogging merchantable material left after prior harvests, post harvest clean up, and clearing of merchantable timber from lands being converted to other uses.
4-7-65 Harvest Unit Planning and Design.
(a) Logging System.
The logging system should be appropriate for the terrain, soils, and timber type so yarding or skidding can be economically accomplished in compliance with this Chapter.
(b) Landing Locations.
1. Locate landings on firm ground outside the Streamside Management Zone and above the fifty (50) year flood level of any stream. Avoid excessive excavation. Utilize existing landings where feasible. Plan new landings for permanent use.
2. Landings involving sidecast or fill shall be located where the toe of the sidecast or fill does not lie, and will not move within the Streamside Management Zone of Type 1 through 4 Waters.
3. Landings that must be located on the crest or midslope of steep slopes which are immediately adjacent to Type 1 Waters should be set back from the edge of the crest or bench as far as operationally feasible to minimize the risk of log and landing debris movement downhill into the water.
4. When practical, locate landings with an adverse grade to haul road to prevent sediment transport to the haul road. When practical the grade should be five (5) percent or more and a minimum of fifty (50) feet long.
5. Limit landing size to only what is necessary for safe operation of equipment used. When cold decking is planned, avoid unnecessarily large landings or an excessive number of landings. If large or frequent nonpermanent landings are planned a reclamation plan is required, including the following:
A. Ripping or scarifying the landing to alleviate soil compaction where needed to prepare the site for revegetation.
B. mulching and seeding for stabilization; and
C. regeneration provisions.
(c) Landing Construction.
1. Landings requiring sidecast or fill shall be no larger than reasonably necessary for safe operation of the equipment expected to be used.
2. Where the average general slopes exceed sixty-five (65) percent, fill material used in construction of landings shall be free of loose stumps and excessive accumulations of slash and shall be mechanically compacted in two-to-three (2-3) foot layers where necessary and practical by tractor to prevent soil erosion and mass soil movement.
3. Truck roads, skid or fire trails shall be outsloped or cross drained uphill of landings and the water diverted onto the forest floor away from the toe of any landing fills.
4. Landings shall be sloped to minimize accumulation of water on the landing. As practical, construct landing so roadside ditch, surface or skid-trail water is channeled away from the landing site. Install maintenance ditches, culverts or water bars as necessary to prevent water accumulation at landings.
(d) Planning and Future Productivity.
1. Harvesting shall leave the land in a condition conducive to future timber production except:
A. To the degree required for Streamside Management Zones, or
B. Where the lands are being converted to another use.
2. Avoid planning winter harvest operations which will extend into the spring melt season.
3. Reserve areas that are in coarse, well drained, non-cohesive soil for harvest during seasonally wetter time periods. When possible, plan operations starting after the spring runoff to first occur where soil is driest and where operations will cause least damage to the soil.
4-7-66 Stream Bank Integrity.
In the Streamside Management Zone along all Type 1 and 2 Waters, use reasonable care to:
(a) Avoid disturbing brush and similar understory vegetation;
(b) Avoid disturbing stumps and root systems;
(c) Leave high stumps where necessary to prevent felled and bucked timber from entering the water.
The Streamside Management Zone is measured from the ordinary high water mark on both sides of the water and is one chain (66 feet) in width for Type 1 and 2 Waters and one-half chain (33 feet) in Type 3 and 4 Waters.
4-7-67 Temperature Control.
(a) Designation of Temperature Sensitive Waters.
1. Certain waters have been determined to be temperature sensitive and have been included in the designation of Type 1 Waters.
2. Other waters may be determined to be temperature sensitive, from time to time, as conditions warrant. Such determinations shall be made prior to the submission of an application to harvest and the water shall be identified as Type 1 Water.
3. Except as defined in (1) or (2) above, all other waters shall be presumed to be not temperature sensitive.
(b) Shade Requirements.
Within the Streamside Management Zone along those waters designated as temperature sensitive (Type I Water), unless a waiver is granted by the Department under (c) below, the operator shall:
1. Leave all non-merchantable vegetation which provides midsummer and mid-day shade of the water surface.
2. Leave all windfirm vegetation which can reasonably be expected to remain standing, undamaged, after removal of the merchantable timber.
3. Leave such other trees as may be identified, and marked by the Department where it is determined by the Department that leaving of those trees would materially aid in maintaining water temperature suitable for fish production.
4. Leave sufficient merchantable timber, if any, necessary to retain fifty (50) percent of the summer mid-day shade of the water surface, provided that the Department shall require leaving seventy-five (75) percent of the shade where it determines that the mean of the ambient water temperatures, for a seven-day period, exceeds sixty degrees before logging.
The Department may waive or modify the shade requirements where the applicant:
1. Shows a high probability of windthrow and agrees to replant the Streamside Management Zone within the first planting season after harvest, or
2. Agrees to a staggered setting program producing equal or greater temperature control, or
3. Provides alternative means of stream temperature control satisfactory to the Department.
4-7-68 Felling and Bucking.
(a) Felling into Stream.
1. No felling will be felled into Type 1 and 2 and flowing Type 3 and 4 Waters except trees which cannot practically and safely be felled outside the streams, lake, or pond using techniques in general use, and these trees must then be removed promptly.
2. Trees may be felled into nonflowing and intermittent Type 3 and Type 4 Waters if logs are removed as soon thereafter as practical. EXCEPT:
A. where specifically prohibited on the approved application, or
B. the Department subsequently determines that excessive stream damage is occurring and issues a Notice to Comply terminating felling into a specified portion of the affected stream.
3. Operator shall be required to use tree jacks, cable tree pulling systems or other recognized methods for directional falling when these methods are appropriate and their use would eliminate the need to fell trees into Type 1, 2, 3, or 4 Waters.
4. When a tree must be felled into Types 1, 2, 3, or 4 Waters reasonable efforts will be made to fell the tree as nearly perpendicular to the stream as feasible or to fell the tree in a manner to disturb area of stream embankment.
5. Integrate falling operations with skidding or yarding patterns so that:
A. trees may be felled to the lead of pre-planned skid trails to avoid excessive skidding scarification; and
B. to minimize number of turns or sets.
6. On clearcuts, fall non-merchantable trees before yarding to avoid uproots and subsequent soil disturbance.
7. Avoid spilling sawdust into streams.
(b) Bucking in Streams.
1. No bucking or limbing shall be done on trees or portions thereof lying between the banks of Type 1, 2, or 3 Waters, except as necessary to remove the timber from the stream, lake, or pond.
2. Where bucking or limbing is done between the banks of Type 4 Waters, care shall be taken to minimize accumulation of slash in the stream, lake or pond. Debris and slash shall be removed before spring runoff.
(c) Felling in Streamside Management Zones.
Care shall be taken to fall any trees cut within the Streamside Management Zones in a manner to prevent damage to the stream, lake or pond and Streamside Management Zone.
(d) Felling Near Streamside Management Zone and Setting Boundaries.
Reasonable care shall be taken to avoid felling trees into Streamside Management Zones and areas outside the harvest unit.
(e) Felling in Selective and Partial Cuts.
Reasonable care shall be taken to fall trees in directions that minimize damage to residual trees.
4-7-69 Cable Yarding.
(a) Type 1 and 2 Waters.
No timber shall be cable yarded in or across a Type 1 or 2 Water except where:
1. The logs will not materially damage the stream bed, banks, or Streamside Management Zone, or
2. Necessary to remove trees from the stream, or
3. Part of a stream clearance and improvement project approved by the Department.
(b) Type 3 Water.
1. When cable yarding across Type 3 Water, reasonable care shall be taken to minimize disturbance of the stream bed and banks,
2. If the Department subsequently determines that excessive stream damage is occurring, a Notice to Comply may be issued terminating yarding across a specific portion of the affected stream.
Any logs which are firmly embedded in the bed or embankment of a Type 1, 2, or 3 Water shall not be removed or unnecessarily disturbed without approval of the Department.
(d) Yarding in Streamside Management Zone.
Where timber is yarded from or across a Streamside Management Zone, reasonable care shall be taken to minimize damage to the vegetation providing shade to the stream. Where practical and consistent with good safety practices, logs shall be yarded in the direction in which they lie until clear of the Streamside Management Zone.
(e) Direction of Yarding.
1. Uphill yarding is preferred.
2. Where downhill yarding is used, reasonable care shall be taken to lift the leading end of the log to minimize downhill movement of slash and soils.
3. When yarding parallel to a Streamside Management Zone, reasonable care shall be take to minimize rutting and to prevent logs from rolling into the stream, lake, or pond or Streamside Management Zone.
4. Avoid yarding across culverts, ditch lines, and roads.
4-7-70 Tractor and Wheeled Skidding Systems.
1. Tractor and wheeled skidders shall not be used in any water, except with the approval of the Department.
2. When approved, skidding across any water shall be minimized and when done, temporary stream crossing shall be used, if necessary, to maintain stream bed integrity.
3. Whenever skidding across any type water, the direction of log movement between stream banks shall be as close to right angles to the stream channel as is practical.
(b) Streamside Management Zone.
1. Logging will be permitted within the zone, provided that tractors and wheeled skidders may not be used within the zones unless approved by the Department.
2. Where skidding in or through the Streamside Management Zone is necessary, the number of skidding routes through the management zone shall be minimized.
3. Logs shall be skidded in the direction in which they lie until clear of the Streamside Management Zone, to the extent practical and consistent with good safety practices, but do not skid logs down drainage channels.
Any logs which are firmly embedded in the bed or embankment of a Type 1, 2, or 3 Water shall not be removed or unnecessarily disturbed without approval of the Department.
(d) Moisture Conditions.
Tractor and wheeled skidders shall not be used on exposed, erodible, or compactible soils, except as approved by the Department.
(e) Protection of Residual Timber.
Reasonable care shall be taken to minimize damage from skidding to the stems and root systems of residual timber and to young reproduction.
(f) Skid Trail Construction.
1. Skid trails shall be kept to the minimum feasible number, length and width.
2. Plan trails to take advantage of terrain features which minimize sidecast or disturbance. Reasonable care shall be taken to minimize the amount of sidecast required and shall only be permitted outside the Streamside Management Zone.
A. Avoid sharp turns in trail locations. Locate routes for minimal concentration of intercepted water flows.
B. Skid trails shall be outsloped where practical, but be insloped where necessary to prevent logs from sliding or rolling downhill off the skid trail.
(g) Skid Trail Maintenance.
Upon completion of use and termination of seasonal use, skid trails on slopes in exposed soils shall be water barred where necessary to prevent soil erosion.
(h) Slope Restrictions.
Tractor and wheeled skidders shall not be used on steep slopes over forty (40) percent where in the opinion of the Department this method of operation would cause unnecessary or material damage to a Reservation resource.
(i) Uphill Skidding.
Avoid uphill skidding whenever possible. If necessary to skid uphill, use lighter payload to reduce soil disturbance.
4-7-71 Landing Cleanup.
Except as approved by the Department, the following rules shall be met within sixty (60) days after completion of hauling logs from any landing.
1. Clean any ditches and culverts obstructed by dirt or debris during operations.
2. Establish a slope that will prevent water from accumulating on the landing or running from the landing down any erodible fill.
(b) Other Erosion Control Measures.
1. Cut slopes shall be cut back to an angle expected to remain stable.
2. Where exposed soil is unstable or erodible and may be reasonably expected to cause damage to a resource, it shall be seeded with grass, clover or ground cover, or compacted, ripped, water barred, benched or mulched, or be treated by other means approved by the Department.
1. Slash accumulations which would prevent reforestation of otherwise plantable fills, sidecast or cut slopes of landings shall be disposed of or be piled on the landing floor for future disposal.
2. Slash shall not be buried in any filled portion of the landing in connection with landing cleanup operations.
3. All cables, machine parts and other inorganic debris resulting from harvest operation(s) shall be removed at the time of landing cleanup.
4-7-72 Post-Harvest Site Preparation.
Unless the application or notification indicates that the landowner or timber owner specifically agrees to assume responsibility for compliance with this section, the operator shall leave the site in a condition suitable for reforestation following any clear cutting, or any partial cutting where the site is reduced below its minimum stocking level as determined by the Department. Lands being converted to another use are exempt.
(a) The following site preparation is required when necessary to establish a condition suitable for reforestation:
1. Cutting or slashing of all noncommercial trees species or nonmerchantable size trees commonly known as "whips" which will not reasonably utilize the growing capacity of the soil except in the Streamside Management Zone.
2. Pile or windrow slash, or
3. Mechanically scatter slash, or
4. Leave the cutover area in a condition satisfactory to the Department for controlled broadcast burning and subsequently burn.
(b) Streamside Management Zones may require special treatment to establish conditions suitable for reforestation.
4-7-73 Slash Disposal.
(a) Slash Disposal Techniques.
1. Except on sites where the Department determines that a particular method would cause unreasonable risk to either Reservation resources or the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population, any conventional method of slash disposal may be used, such as: controlled broadcast burning; pile or windrow and burn; pile or windrow without burning; mechanical scatter and compaction; chip or lop and scatter; burying and physical removal from the forest lands.
2. All slash burning between May 1st and October 31st requires a burning permit from the Department or the Bureau of Indian Affairs as appropriate, and reasonable care to prevent damage to Streamside Management Zones, soil, residual timber, Reservation resources, and other property.
3. Location of slash piles. Except where piling and burning will be completed before the next ordinary high water season, slash shall not be piled or windrowed within the Streamside Management Zone or in locations from which it could be expected to enter any stream, lake, or pond.
(b) Slash disposal is required when abatement of extreme fire hazard is required, as determined by the Department.
(c) Slash disposal is required where the forest land owner has applied for and been granted an extension of time for reforestation on the grounds that slash disposal is necessary or desirable before reforestation.
(d) Removing Slash and Debris from Streams.
"Slash or "debris" shall be removed to an area outside the Streamside Management Zone and left in a location or manner minimizing risk of re-entry into the stream, lake or pond.
4-7-74 Fire Trails.
The extensive network of existing logging roads will be considered as the main fire trail system. However, additional fire trailing may be required as necessary to protect the resources.
(a) Fire trails shall be constructed around all clear cut logging units prior to broadcast burning.
(b) Fire trails may be required when the Department determines that conditions warrant.
(c) Fire trails shall have dips, water bars, cross drainage and ditches as necessary to control erosion.
(d) Reasonable care shall be taken to minimize excavation. Sidecast shall not be permitted within the Streamside Management Zone of any waters.
(e) Fire trails shall be constructed to a minimum width as determined by the Department down to mineral soil to facilitate burning.
During timber harvest and all other forest land operations, all repair work will be done on equipment in areas where grease, oil and other pollutants cannot wash into any water or waterway, seep into the soil, or kill vegetation. Under no circumstances will trash, equipment or other inorganic materials be buried or disposed of on Reservation lands without approval of the Department.
4-7-76 Reforestation Site Preparation Best Management Practice.
The Best Management Practice (BMPs) in the following sections shall be applicable to reforestation site preparation. It is the policy of the Colville Tribes that all harvested Reservation forest land not being converted to another use shall be regenerated with approved commercial species as quickly as possible, and that the regenerated forest shall be protected and managed to insure optimum productivity of the forest lands. To accomplish this policy, intensive regeneration practice shall be implemented on all Reservation forest lands not being converted to another use.
4-7-77 Reforestation Requirements.
(a) Unless the harvest application indicates that the land will be converted to another use, or the lands are identified as having a likelihood of conversion to urban uses, reforestation is required for forest lands harvested after the adoption of these regulations in the following instances:
1. Clearcutting, or
2. Partial cutting where the site is reduced below it minimum stocking level as determined by the Department.
(b) Reforestation is not required where:
1. Individual dead, dying, down or windthrown trees are salvaged, or
2. A tree or trees not constituting a merchantable stand are removed from lands in actual use for other purposes; for example, removal of individual trees from lands used for farming or grazing.
(c) Satisfactory reforestation--clearcuts.
1. Satisfactory reforestation of a clearcut harvest occurs if:
A. within four years of completion of initial harvest or subsequent relogging, the site is artificially restocked by seeding or planting such that restocking meets specifications established by the Department.
B. within ten years, in the case of a natural regeneration plan, the site is restocked to at least the minimum acceptable stocking established by the Department.
PROVIDED that the regeneration failures from causes beyond the applicant's control will not result in a violation of this paragraph.
2. In the event that acceptable stocking is not achieved within the time limits specified, site preparation and supplemental planting or seeding may be required.
3. The Department may grant an extension of time for planting or seeding if suitable seedlings or seeds are not available, or if weather conditions or other circumstances beyond the forest landowner's control require delay in planting or seeding.
(d) Satisfactory Reforestation--Partial Cuts.
Where reforestation is required in connection with a partial cut, the harvest application shall include a plan for stocking improvement. The plan shall be approved unless the Department determines that it will not reasonably utilize the timber growing capacity of the site to the extent practical.
(e) Natural Regeneration Standards.
A natural regeneration plan may be approved as acceptable reforestation if:
1. A seed source of well formed trees of commercial tree species capable of seed production is available.
2. The owner of the seed source agrees in writing not to harvest the seed source for the time period specified in the plan, or until issuance of a satisfactory reforestation inspection report.
3. For purposes of this paragraph, a "natural seedling" shall be defined as a thrifty, vigorous tree firmly rooted in mineral soil or decayed duff, that is at least six (6) inches in height measured to the highest point above the root collar. The Department shall issue a satisfactory reforestation inspection report when the stocking of natural seedlings meets the minimum acceptable stocking levels.
4. The seed source must consist of :
A. Seed block of sizes and locations shown on the plan and satisfactory to the Department, or
B. An average of at least eight (8) individually marked, well distributed, healthy, undamaged, vigorous, windfirm seed trees per acre of plantable area and no inadequately stocked area is more than one hundred fifty (150) feet from the nearest seed tree.
5. Competing vegetation shall be controlled to the extent necessary to allow survival and growth by approved commercial species.
(f) Alternate Plan.
Any alternate plan for natural reforestation may be approved if it provides a practical method of achieving acceptable stocking levels as established by the Department within ten years.
4-7-78 Reforestation; Species; Stocking; Standards.
(a) Reforestation Species
1. The Department may approve the use of species which differ from the removed stand where the reforestation plan reveals that the proposed species is preferable from any of the following stand points.
A. site data indicates better potential production for the proposed species
B. control of forest insects or disease
C. greater economic return
D. development of special environmental, recreational or aesthetic conditions.
(b) Acceptable Stocking. Stocking levels are acceptable if three hundred (300) well-distributed, vigorous seedlings per acre of commercial tree species have survived on the site at least two growing seasons. "Well-distributed" means that no significant plantable area contains fewer than the equivalent of three hundred trees per acre. Lesser number of trees per acre may be acceptable if the Department determines that the timber growing capacity of the site will be fully utilized.
(c) Except as approved by the Department, to qualify as acceptable reforestation:
1. The seedling and seed must be from an appropriate seed zone. The Department shall determine seed zones and guidelines for their use.
2. Competing vegetation shall be controlled to the extent necessary to allow survival and growth of the plantation.
4-7-79 Reforestation: Plans, Reports, Inspections
(a) Reforestation Plans. Reforestation plans must be submitted with the application or notification except where no reforestation is required.
(b) Reforestation Reports. The landowner, forest landowner or his designee shall file a report with the Department either at the time of completion of planting or at the end of the normal planting seasons. When artificial seeding is used, the report shall be filed two (2) growing seasons after seeding.
(c) The reports in Section 4-7-79(b) above, must contain at least the following:
1. The original Forest Practice application or notification number.
2. Species planted or seeded.
3. Age of stock planted and seed zone.
4. Description of actual area planted or seeded.
(d) Inspection: Supplemental Planting Directives
1. Within twelve (12) months after planting, the Department shall inspect the reforested lands; within thirty-six months of seeding, the Department shall inspect the reforestated lands; and within seven (7) years on the case of natural regeneration, the Department shall inspect the reforested lands.
2. If the inspection shows that acceptable stocking levels have not been achieved, the Department shall direct the forest owner to perform supplemental regeneration in accordance with the Department's reforestation standards.
A. In lieu of such supplemental planting, the Department and the forest landowners may agree on a supplemental reforestation plan.
B. Supplemental planting shall not be required if the Department determines that there is little probability of significantly increasing the stocking level.
C. Except where stocking improvement is necessary to protect Reservation resources and is feasible, further supplementary planting shall not be required where acceptable stocking levels have not been achieved after two (2) properly performed supplemental plantings.
3. Evidence of compliance: If the Department determines on inspection that acceptable reforestation has been achieved, on the request of the forest landowner the Department shall confirm in writing that no further reforestation obligations remain. If no supplemental planting directive has been issued within thirty (30) days after the deadline for the inspection, reforestation shall be deemed satisfactory unless the Department has informed the land owners prior to the deadline that further inspections by the Department on the area are needed.
4. Where a natural regeneration plan has been approved by the Department, the Department may allow up to ten (10) years to achieve acceptable stocking levels.
4-7-80 Site Preparation and Rehabilitation.
(a) Heavy Equipment: Heavy equipment shall not be used in connection with site preparation or rehabilitation work:
1. When, because of soil moisture conditions or the type of soils, or slope conditions, undue compaction or erosion would result, or
2. In any water, except as approved by the Department.
3. In Streamside Management Zone except as permitted by the Department.
(b) Surface Water Draining: Where work involves deepening, widening, straightening or relocating the channel; or bulkheading, riprapping or otherwise stabilizing the banks of any water, the work shall be done only:
1. After consultation with any party having a permit or registered right to appropriate waters from the affected stream used for domestic water supplies.
2. After submission of a stream, channel alignment plan to the Department and their approval of such plan.
3. Where no significant adverse affects on either the peak or minimum water levels or flows downstream can be expected.
4. In a manner not expected to result in long-term damage to Reservation resources or to adjacent or downstream property.
4-7-81 Urban and Other Lands Exempted from the Reforestation Requirements.
(a) Those lands which an applicant has declared are to be converted in whole or in part, where the forest land has the likelihood of future conversion to urban development, and where:
1. They have the likelihood of development with a ten (10) year period, and
2. The development is for urban use, and
3. The development contemplated would be consistent with any applicable land use plans or ordinances.
(b) Utility Rights-of-Way: Reforestation is not required for initial clearing or reclearing of utility rights-of-way in actual use for utility purposes or scheduled for construction of utility facilities with ten (10) years from the date of completion of harvest, PROVIDED, that if the scheduled facility is not completed, the area shall be reforested within one (1) year.
(c) Other lands: Reforestation is not required on the following lands unless required by regulation of the agency owning or acquiring the lands:
1. Lands owned in fee by a public agency which has budgeted for construction within ten (10) years a specific project inconsistent with commercial timber production.
2. Lands being acquired by public agency for construction of a project, within ten (10) years, that is inconsistent with timber, production, if at the time of completion of harvest, the public agency has entered into a binding contract for the purchase of the lands or initiated legal proceedings for the condemnation of the lands.
4-7-83 Wildlife Policy
This Chapter is designed to encourage forest practice that will enhance and protect key wildlife habitats; provided that such actions shall not unreasonably restrict landowners' actions without compensation.
4-7-84 Threatened, Endangered or Protected Species' Habitats.
(a) Endangered Species. The Peregrine Falcon, subspecies Peales peregrine (Falco p. pealei) is a cliff nester. Timber harvesting, road construction or site preparation should not be conducted within one-eighth (1/8) mile of any known nest site.
(b) Protected Species.
1. Bald Eagle nest sites are usually found in large trees near water. Any known nest site of the Bald Eagle shall be identified on the forest practice application. Road construction, timber harvest, aerial spraying and site preparation in the vicinity of identified Bald Eagle nests shall not be permitted within one-eighth (1/8) mile of any active nest.
2. Osprey nest sites are usually found along the shorelines of freshwater lakes or streams, but may be found well back in wooded areas. Known Osprey nests shall be identified on the forest practice application. Road construction, timber harvest, and spraying, and site preparation activities to be conducted within five (5) chains of nest areas may be limited during the period from March 1 to July 15.
3. The Department may establish reasonable constraints on the time and/or method of forest practice operations, when, in the opinion of the Department, such constraints are necessary to protect such species consistent with the federal Threatened, Endangered and Protected Species Act.
4-7-85 Protection of Key Wildlife Habitat Encouraged.
(a) The landowner and/or operator shall make every reasonable effort to cooperate with the Department for the protection and enhancement of key wildlife habitat.
4-7-86 Forest Chemicals Best Management Practices
The Best Management Practices (BMPs) listed in the following sections shall be applicable to the storage, handling, and application (to be known as "use") of forest chemicals. The purpose of these BMPs is to regulate the handling, storage and application of chemicals in order to protect Reservation resources and the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population.
(a) The operator shall be required to hold Washington State Applicator certificate or have equivalent training in chemical handling approved by the Department.
(b) The operator shall be required to abide by Environmental Protection Agency Regulations pertaining to the handling and application of chemicals.
4-7-87 Handling, Storage, Application.
1. No significant leakage of chemicals into water or soil is permitted from any equipment used for their transportation, storage, mixing or application.
2. The Department may suspend further use of any equipment responsible for significant chemical leakage, until the deficiency has been corrected to the satisfaction of the Department.
(b) Mixing. When water is used in mixing of chemicals:
1. Provide an air gap or reservoir between the water source and the mixing tank.
2. Use uncontaminated pumps, hoses and screens.
(c) Mixing and Land Areas
1. Mix chemicals and clean tanks and equipment only where any spills would not enter any water types.
2. Landing areas should be located where spillage of chemicals will not cause them to become a contaminate. If any chemical is spilled, immediate appropriate procedures should be taken to contain or neutralize it.
(d) Aerial Application
1. Leave at least 100 feet untreated on each side of Streamside Management Zones, all Type 1 through 4 Waters and other areas of open water, such as ponds or sloughs.
2. Where practical, apply the initial swath parallel to the untreated zones in (1) above of Type 1, 2,3, or 4 Waters and other areas of open water such as ponds or sloughs.
3. Use a bucket or spray device capable of immediate shutoff.
4. Shut off chemical application during turns and over open water.
5. Avoid direct entry of chemicals into any Type of 1,2,3, or 4 Waters.
6. In the event people, (other than authorized operator or Department crews) or livestock are observed in the aerial treatment zone, all spraying shall be stopped immediately, and not resumed until:
A. The people have been warned that aerial spraying of chemicals is to occur, or
B. The Department has been notified of the presence of livestock and approval is given to resume spraying.
7. Because aerial application of chemicals is the least discriminate method available, hand application or ground application with power equipment should be evaluated and utilized in whole or in part to the extent feasible.
8. Aerial application shall not be conducted when wind conditions will cause drifting into the Streamside Management Zone and other open waters or where such drifting may damage Reservation resources, harm the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population, or drift to lands other than those included within the Forest Practices application.
9. All access entry points on roads or developed trails shall be posted "No entry--Chemical Spraying Operation" and blocked during the period of aerial application of restricted use chemicals.
(e) Stream Protection--Ground Application with Power Equipment.
1. Leave untreated the Streamside Management Zone of every Type 1 and 2 Water and each flowing Type 3 Water.
2. Avoid direct entry of chemicals into any water.
3. Avoid exceeding intended or allowable dosages.
(f) Stream Protection--Hand Application
1. Apply only to specific targets, such as a stump, burrow, bait or trap.
2. Keep chemicals out of all water.
(g) Limitations on Application. Chemicals shall be applied only in accordance with all limitation:
1. Printed on the Environmental Protection Agency container registration label, and/or
2. Established by the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, as they relate to safety and health of operating personnel and the public.
(h) Contain Disposal. Chemical containers shall be either:
1. Removed from the Reservation.
2. Removed and cleaned for reuse in a manner not inconsistent with any applicable regulations of the State Department of Agriculture or the State or local health departments, or
3. Buried in a landfill certified to receive such materials and in a manner approved by the Department.
(i) Daily Records--Aerial Application of Chemicals. On all aerial applications of chemicals, the operator shall maintain for three (3) years daily records of spray operations.
(j) Reporting of Spills and Misapplications. All potentially damaging chemical spills and misapplications shall be immediately reported to the Department and to the Colville Hydrology Department. This report shall contain notification of the volume spilled or leaked, the type(s) of chemical(s), the location of the spill, and when the spill occurred.
4-7-88 Fire Control Policy
The Tribe considers logging on the Reservation to be a major fire hazard, and thereby a detriment to the Reservation water resources. It is the policy of the Department to implement and maintain all reasonable precautions to prevent wildfires or minimize the severity of wildfires.
4-7-89 Fire Plan.
When requested by the Department, the Operator shall prepare, in cooperation with the Department, a plan for the prevention and suppression of fires on the area encompassed by forest practice. The plan shall fully reflect the Operator's fire protection obligations. Neither the approval of the plan nor anything contained therein shall relieve the Operator from any responsibility under the terms of any contract.
4-7-90 Fire Precaution.
The Operator shall furnish and maintain in good and serviceable condition such fire fighting tools and equipment, provide such fire protection personnel and take such fire prevention measures as may be required by the Department to meet the fire protection requirements for the existing fire danger. The requirements shall not be less than are required under the laws of the United States or Washington State.
(a) Fire Protection Equipment.
The following tools and equipment are required on all logging and construction operations on the Reservation during the "closed" fire season which is from May 1 to November 1, or as amended due to extreme fire danger:
1. At each operation there shall be:
A. one pump truck or pump trailer;
2. Any tractor or other mobile machine shall have:
A. one fire extinguisher of at least a 5 B.C. rating;
B. an approved exhaust system; and
C. an appropriately mounted shovel.
3. Any fixed position machine shall have:
A. two fire extinguishers of at least 5 B.C. rating;
B. an approved exhaust system; and
C. an appropriately mounted shovel.
4. Any portable power saw shall have:
A. one fire extinguisher of at least 1 B.C. rating;
B. an approved exhaust system; and
C. one shovel, which shall be kept within two minutes round trip of the operator.
5. Any passenger vehicle used for industrial or commercial operations shall have:
A. one fire extinguisher of at least a 5 B.C. rating;
B. an approved exhaust system; and
C. one shovel.
6. General requirements:
A. When blasting operations are conducted, a watchman will remain on the site at the completion of blasting;
B. Smoking is permitted only on roads, cleared landings, gravel pits or any similar area free of inflammable material; and
C. Warming fires are not permitted without a Fire Permit.
(b) Definitions Concerning Fire Tools and Equipment.
1. "An operation" shall mean the use of equipment tools and supporting activities which are involved in the process of the management of forest land that may cause a forest fire to start. Such activities may include, but are not limited to, any phase of logging, land clearing, road and utility right-of-way clearing. The operating period shall be that time period when the activity is taking place.
2. "Currently with the logging" and "current with the felling of live timber" or "current with logging operation" shall mean during the logging operation on any landing, setting or similar part of the operation unless modified.
3. "Fire extinguisher" shall mean, unless otherwise stated, a chemical fire extinguisher rated by Underwriters' Laboratories or Factory Mutual, appropriately mounted and located so as to be readily accessible to the operator. When two fire extinguishers are required, they are to be appropriately mounted, and located so that one is readily accessible to other personnel.
4. "Any tractor or mobile machine" shall mean any machine that moves under its own power when performing any portion of a logging, land clearing, right-of-way clearing, road construction or road maintenance function, and includes any machine, whether crawler or wheel type, whether such machine be engaged in yarding or loading or in some other function at the time of its inspection by the Department.
5. "Any fixed position machine" shall mean any machine used for any portion of a logging, earth moving, right-of-way clearing, milling, road maintenance and construction, land clearing operation or other operation that performs its primary function from a fixed position even though said machine is capable of moving under its own power to a different, fixed position.
6. "An approved exhaust system" shall mean a well-mounted exhaust system, free from leaks and equipped with a spark arrester rated and accepted under U.S.D.A. Forest Service current Standard.
A. An exhaust-driven supercharger, such as a turbo-charger, is acceptable in lieu of a spark arrester. The entire exhaust must pass through the turbine.
B. Passenger vehicles and trucks may be equipped with an adequately baffled muffler of a type approved by the Department in lieu of a spark arrester.
C. Portable power saws purchased after January 1, 1978, and used in forest land must meet the performance levels set forth in the Society of Automotive Engineers "multi-positioned small engine exhaust fire ignition standard, SAE recommended practice J 335B." Requirements to obtain SAE J 335B specifications are as follows:
(i) The spark arrester shall be designed to retain or destroy ninety percent (90%) of the carbon particles having a major diameter greater than 0.023 inches (0.584 mm).
(ii) The exhaust system shall be designed so that the exposed surface temperature shall not exceed 550 degrees F (288 degrees C) where it may come in direct contact with forest fuels.
(iii) The exhaust system shall be designed so that the exhaust gas temperature shall not exceed 475 degrees F (246 degrees C) where the exhaust gas may strike forest fuels.
(iv) The exhaust system shall be designed in such a manner that there are no pockets or corners where flammable material might accumulate. Pockets are permissible only if it can be substantiated by suitable test that material can be prevented from accumulating in the pockets.
(v) The exhaust system must be constructed of durable material and so designed that it will, with normal use and maintenance, provide a reasonable service life. Parts designed for easy replacement as part of routine maintenance shall have a service life of not less than fifty (50) hours. Cleaning of parts shall not be required more frequently than once for each eight (8) hours of operation. The spark arrester shall be designed so that it may be readily inspected and cleaned.
(vi) Portable power saws will be deemed to be in compliance with the Society of Automotive Engineers J 335B requirements if they are certified by the United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, San Dimas Equipment Development Center.
D. Portable power saws, which were purchased prior to January 1, 1978, which do not meet the Society of Automotive Engineers Standards must meet the following requirements:
(i) The escape outlet of the spark arrester shall be at an angle of at least forty-five degrees (45 degrees) from a line parallel to the bar.
(ii) The configuration of the spark arrester shall be such that it will not collect sawdust, no matter in what position the saw is operated.
(iii) Spark arresters shall be designated and made of material that will not allow shell or exhaust temperature to exceed 850 degrees F.
(iv) The arrester shall have a screen with a maximum opening size of 0.023 inch.
(v) The arrester shall be capable of operating, under normal conditions, a minimum of eight (8) hours before cleaning is needed.
(vi) The screen shall carry a manufacturer's warranty of a minimum 50-hour life when installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
(vii) The arrester shall be of good manufacturer and made so that the arrester housing and screen are close fitting.
(viii) The arrester shall be at least ninety percent (90%) efficient in the destruction, retention or attrition of carbon particles over 0.023 inch.
(ix) Efficiency to be measured as described in Power Saw Manufacturers Association Standard Number S3-65.
(x) Construction of the arrester shall permit easy removal and replacement of the screen for field inspection and cleaning.
7. "Shovel" shall mean a serviceable long-handled or "D" handled round point shove of at least "0" size with a sharpened, solid and smooth blade, and the handle shall be hung solid, smooth and straight.
8. "Axe" shall mean a serviceable, double-bitted or single-bitted swamping axe of at least a three pound head and thirty-two (32) inch handle. The blades shall be sharpened, solid and smooth and the handle shall be hung solid, smooth and straight.
9. "Pulaski" shall mean a serviceable axe and hoe combination tool with not less than 3-1/2 pound head and thirty-two (32) inch handle. The blades shall be sharpened, solid and smooth and the handle shall be hung solid, smooth and straight.
10. "Adze eye hoe" shall mean a serviceable fire fighting hoe with a blade width of at least 5-3/4 inches and a rectangular eye. The blade shall be sharpened, solid and smooth, and the handle shall be hung solid with no more than 3/4 inch or less than 1/8 inch extending beyond the head, smooth, aligned, and at least thirty-two (32) inches long.
11. "Fire tool box" shall mean a box or compartment of sound construction, with a waterproof lid, provided with hinges and hasps, and so arranged that the box can be properly sealed. It shall be red in color and marked "FIRE TOOLS" in letters at least an inch high. It shall contain a minimum of:
A. Two axes or Pulaskis;
B. Three adze eye hoes, providing that one Pulaski may be substituted for on adze eye hoe; and
C. three shovels.
12. "Pump truck or pump trailer" shall mean a serviceable truck or trailer which must be able to perform its functions efficiently, equipped with a water tank of not less than three hundred (300) gallon capacity, filled with water. The complete pump truck or pump trailer shall be kept ready for instant use for suppressing forest fires. If a trailer is used, it shall be equipped with a hitch to facilitate prompt moving, and a serviceable tow vehicle must be available throughout the operating and watchman periods. The pump may be a portable power pump or a suitable power take-off pump. It shall be plumbed with a bypass or pressure relief valve. The pump shall develop, at pump level, pressure sufficient to discharge a minimum of twenty (20) gallons per minute, using a 1/4 inch nozzle tip, through a fifty (50) foot length of one inch or 1-1/2 inch rubber lined hose. The pump truck or trailer shall be equipped with the following:
A. A minimum of five hundred (500) feet of one or 1-1/2 inch cotton or synthetic jacket hose;
B. A fire tool box.
The tank shall be pumped so that water may be withdrawn by one man by gravity feed. This outlet shall be adapted to accept the hose used and located for easy fitting of pump cans. The pump truck or trailer must be equipped with appropriate tools, fuel, accessories, and fittings to perform its functions for a continuous period of four (4) hours. A recommended list of tools, fittings, and accessories may be obtained from the Department office.
13. "Watchman" means an employee(s) who is vigilant, capable of, and who performs the following described action for two hours following each time a power-driven, spark-emitting or electric motor ceases operations for the day or any part thereof; be continuously on duty, moving through areas of the day's activities, constantly looking for and reporting fires, and taking suppression action on any fire detected; and after each cable line road change, an employee in conjunction with his regular duties, shall check line locations and report friction points to the operator or other user, who shall cause such immediate action as is reasonably necessary to prevent fires at these points, to be taken.
(c) Fire Precautions Measures -- Precaution Classes.
1. Class A. No fire precautionary requirements pursuant to this Public Notice.
2. Class B. For this Precautions Class operator, subcontractor and other permitted users are required to provide a watchman to areas of yarding, tractor operation, mechanized treatment of slash, loading sites and power saw operations.
3. Class C. For this and higher Precautions Class operator, subcontractor, and all other permitted users shall provide a watchman to all areas of their operation.
4. Class D. The following operations are prohibited from 1:00pm until 8:00pm local time: (1) operating power saws except at loading sites; (ii) operating cable yarding systems except gravity systems (i.e., jammer, flyer, shotgun, downhill gravity) and those cable systems which when operating during the skidding and haulback cycles have all moving lines other than that line from the carriage to the chokers and all moving block suspended not less than ten (10) feet vertically above the ground; (iii) blasting; (iv) welding; (v) operating acetylene or other torches with open flames.
5. Class E. The measures stated in Precautions Class C and D above remain in effect. In addition, the following operations are prohibited within high-hazard areas from 1:00pm until 8:00pm local time: (i) operating power saws at loading sites; (ii) operating tractors; (iii) mechanized yarding; (iv) mechanized loading; (v) mechanized hauling of any product or material; and (vi) mechanized treatment of slash.
6. Class F. All mechanized and spark-emitting operations of the operator, subcontractor or other permitted user are prohibited except the following activities which may continue outside of high-hazard areas with written permission of the Department or BIA Fire Control: (i) loading; (ii) operating power saws (iii) hauling; (iv) earthwork; (v) watering and dust oiling; (vi) grading; (vii) gravel surfacing; (viii) rock crushing; (ix) paving; and (x) maintenance (other than welding and metal cutting) of equipment, roads, and other improvements.
Providing one person and equipment for fire prevention and security of property are permitted. It is the responsibility of the operator, subcontractor, and all other permitted users to obtain the alphabetical Fire Precautions Class daily. The alphabetical Fire Precautions Class may be obtained daily from the BIA Fire Control in the approximate time period of 7:30am to 8:00pm local time. The Department or the BIA Fire Control may authorize substitute measures to those listed in the Public Notice, or may waive any terms of the Public Notice by written notice if substitute measures will afford equal protection or if the terms are unnecessary.
4-7-91 Fire Suppression.
The operator shall take immediate and independent initial fire suppression action on all fires in the area encompassed by the Forest Practice and shall use all necessary manpower and equipment at his disposal, including the employees and equipment of his subcontractors engaged in or near the area. When called upon, the operator shall make available any or all of his manpower and equipment, including that of his subcontractors, for hire by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and to work under the direction of any authorized employees of the Department or the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the suppression of any fire on or threatening Reservation lands.
4-7-92 Supplemental Directives.
(a) Purpose of supplemental directives. The Department may issue supplemental directives to the forest landowner, timber owner and operator, advising them to take or not to take as part of any forest practice operations specified actions the Department determines to be preferred courses of action or minor changes in the operation to provide greater assurance that the purposes and policies set forth in this Chapter will be met.
(b) Content of supplemental directives. Supplemental directives shall indicate the reason for their issuance.
(c) Form, service. All supplemental directives shall either be in writing or be confirmed in writing. The supplemental directive shall be given to the operator and a copy mailed promptly to the forest landowner and to the timber owner if different from the forest landowner.
(d) Directive constitutes approval. No other approval of the Department shall be necessary to conduct forest practice operations in compliance with the terms of a supplemental directive.
1. The right of the operator or landowner to a hearing before the Department; and
2. The specific course of action ordered by the Department to be followed by the operator to correct such failure to comply and to prevent, correct and/or compensate for material damage to either a Reservation resource or the health, safety and welfare of the Reservation population which resulted from any violation, unauthorized deviation, or willful or negligent disregard for potential damage to a Reservation resource or the health, safety or welfare of the Reservation population; where the damage is resulting from the forest practice activities but has not resulted from any violation, unauthorized deviation, or negligence.
[ Resolution No. 1985-20 (January 18, 1985)]