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Opinions of the Solicitor

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National Indian Law Library

Opinions of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior Relating to Indian Affairs 1917-1974

Washington, United States Government Printing Office

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RANCHERIAS See also CALIFORNIA INDIANS 08/11/1930 M-26067, 53 I.D. 157,  Restrictions Upon Lands and Funds -- Five Tribes
01/12/1937 Tribal Land -- Mining Lease -- Power of Council 09/04/1931 M-26673, 53 I.D. 471,  Tax Exempt Selections -- Five Civilized Tribes
04/26/1939 M-28958,  Licensing Power of State Over California Rancheria Dog Owners 03/14/1934 M-27554, 54 I.D. 382,  Restrictions Applicable to Five Tribes
08/01/1960 Rancheria Act of August 18, 1958 04/09/1935 M-27939,  Trust Period -- Extension -- Mission Indians
RESERVATIONS See also SURPLUS LANDS 06/04/1935 Five Tribes -- Oil Leasing Regulations
02/12/1924 Mineral Leasing Act 09/20/1935 Cherokee -- Distribution of Oil Royalties
06/17/1924 M-11380,  Chippewa -- Enrollment 10/30/1936 Restricted Lands -- Security for Loans
06/14/1930 53 I.D. 128,  Creation of Indian Reservations 07/30/1953 M-36175,  Inclusion of Indian Lands in State Irrigation Districts
09/16/1931 M-26667,  Walapai (Hualapai) Indians Reservation -- Santa Pacific Railroad Co. -- Title to Land 07/16/1956 Leasing of Restricted Lands Belonging to Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes for Farming and Grazing Purposes
03/01/1934 M-27671,  Yankton Sioux School Lands 03/11/1958 Authority of Competent Crow Indians to Lease the Lands of Their Adopted Children
05/07/1934 M-27656,  Papago -- Mineral Rights 12/28/1960 M-36608, 67 I.D. 452,  Status of U.S. Savings Bonds -- Estate of Deceased Choctaw Indian
09/17/1934 Temporary Withdrawals of Surplus Trust Lands 02/17/1965 M-36671, 72 I.D. 83,  Lease of Restricted Land -- Federal Supervision Over Rentals Payable Directly to Lessor
10/12/1934 Papago -- Wheeler-Howard Act 12/21/1972 Application of Local Building Codes to Indian Trust Property
03/31/1936 M-28120,  Ownership of Island within Ft. Berthold Reservation       Alienation
10/29/1936 Colorado River Indian Tribes of Colorado River Reservation -- Surrender of Rights of Exclusive Occupancy 08/05/1934 M-27700, 54 I.D. 555,  Alienation of Chippewa Allotted Land
11/18/1936 Palm Springs -- Fees Charged to Tourists for Use of Facilities 08/06/1934 M-27788,  Osage -- Attorney's Fee
01/12/1937 Tribal Land -- Mining Lease -- Power of Council 08/17/1934 M-27776, 54 I.D. 584,  Devise of Restricted Lands
02/19/1938 M-29616,  Red Lake Band -- Ceded Land -- Disposition 08/21/1934 Quapaw -- Mineral lease
06/15/1938 M-29798, 56 I.D. 330,  Restoration to Tribal Ownership -- Ute Lands 08/28/1934 Kiowa -- Sale of Land by Minor
07/01/1938 Indian School Land, Right-of-Way 09/06/1934 Restrictions on Alienation -- Easements
05/31/1939 M-30256,  Continuation of Allotment Activities at Fort Peck Reservation -- Rejection of IRA Implications 10/02/1934 Standing Rock -- Mortgage on Restricted Lands
09/07/1940 M-30793,  Bureau of Reclamation -- Payment for Improvements on Colville Reservation 11/07/1934 M-27796,  IRA Interpretation Regarding Devisee Questions -- Tribal Organization and Jurisdiction -- Definition of Tribe as Political Entity
04/12/1941 Government Construction of Fences Around Private Land Not Yet Acquired for Indians 11/20/1934 Sioux -- Wheeler-Howard Act -- Land Outside Reservation
07/30/1941 Application of State Income Tax Laws to Indian Employee of Federal Government 12/10/1935 Reinstatement of Cancelled Sale -- Pyramid Lake
09/23/1941 Taxation -- Statute Authorizing State and Local Taxation of Royalties Received by Indians on Executive Order Reservations -- New Mexico State Laws 02/07/1938 M-29619,  Indian Lands -- Conveyance
09/16/1943 M-33246,  Grant of Right-of-Way -- Allotted Indian Lands 07/08/1942 Power of Secretary to Approve Transfer of a Tract of Land Belonging in Part to Minors
12/29/1945 Judicial and Departmental Construction of the Words "Indian Reservation" 06/17/1943 M-33165,  Restriction Against Alienation of Allotted Osage Indian Land
06/11/1946 M-33821,  Ownership of the Mineral Estate in the Hopi Executive Order Reservation 06/07/1950 M-36003,  Extent of Secretarial Authority to Issue Patent in Fee -- Indian Reorganization Act
12/27/1946 M-34815,  Relocation of Indians for Construction of Dam in North Dakota       Exchange
09/05/1947 M-34758,  Validity of Patents Issued to Northern Cheyenne Indians 11/20/1959 Exchange of Land Purchased by Blackfeet Tribe
05/31/1949 M-36005,  Exchange of Navajo Reservation Lands for Public Lands       Partition
02/12/1954 M-36200,  Colorado River Indian Reservation Development 09/15/1934 Five Tribes -- Partition of Inherited Lands
02/21/1956 M-36181,  Ownership of Unallotted Lands on the Tulalip Indian Reservation in the State of Washington 09/21/1935 Five Tribes -- Land Partition
02/05/1958 M-36450, 65 I.D. 59,  Rights of Indians in the Hoopa Valley Reservation, California 12/07/1943 M-33414,  Secretarial Approval of Deeds or Partition Proceedings
06/06/1958 Division of Great Sioux Reservation by Statutes and Question of Tax Exemption Extension on Allotments 06/29/1944 Partitionment of Trust Land -- Consent of Secretary
07/09/1958 Legal Status of Tuscarora Reservation, New York and Federal Responsibilities 05/29/1950 M-36033,  Land Allotted to a Full-Blood Creek Indian Pursuant to a Partition Proceedings
05/14/1963 M-36652, 70 I.D. 166,  Oil and Gas Leasing On Lands Withdrawn by Executive Order for Indian Purposes in Alaska       Removal of restrictions
07/28/1966 M-36693, 73 I.D. 333,  Title to Lands Within San Carlos Reservoir Site 09/29/1921 M-5613,  Fort Hall Indians -- Restricted Patents -- Authority of Secretary to Remove Restrictions
08/15/1974 Authority of Secretary to Determine Equitable Title to Indian Lands 08/02/1933 Five Tribes -- Removal of Restrictions
      Boundaries 01/11/1937 IRA Sec. 5
06/18/1935 Cherokee -- Claims to Land 01/26/1937 M-27963,  Deceased Osage Allottee -- Inheritance
05/12/1936 Acoma Reservation Boundaries 02/11/1944 M-33441,  Presidential Approval of Allottee's Will -- Removal of Restrictions Against Alienation of Land
05/19/1936 Jicarilla Apache Boundaries 04/08/1946 Osage Estate Willed to Cherokee -- Applicability of Osage Restrictions to Five Tribes
05/25/1936 Acoma Boundaries 06/04/1946 Restrictions -- Undivided Interest -- Osage County, Oklahoma
05/29/1936 M-28525,  Boundary of San Carlos Reservation 11/10/1958 M-36538,  Restrictions on Individually Owned Purchased Lands of Kaw Indians, Oklahoma
06/28/1940 Mescalero Reservation -- Exclusion Claim by the United States of Certain Lands by Executive Order       Taxation
12/13/1940 M-30923,  Authority of Secretary to Enter Into Agreement With Owners of Land Bordering on Big Wind River, Wyoming 12/21/1926 M-18320,  State Tax on Allotments -- Osage
04/15/1955 M-36275,  Title to Accretion Lands Adjacent to Cocopah Indian Reservation, Arizona 03/03/1930 M-25737, 53 I.D. 48,  Taxability of Cherokee Lands
01/17/1969 M-36770,  Boundary of the Salt River Indian Reservation, Arizona 03/30/1932 M-26927, 53 I.D. 637,  Tax-Exempt Lands -- Sale of Restricted Lands
01/17/1969 Western Boundary of the Colorado River Indian Reservation 08/05/1932 M-27158,  Five Tribes -- Land Conveyance -- Taxation
03/13/1970 M-36802,  Boundaries of the Ft. Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota 08/09/1934 Creek -- State Oil Production Tax
12/21/1972 M-36867,  Title to Accretion Lands 12/21/1936 Lands Bought With Restricted Funds -- Tax
06/03/1974 Reservation Boundaries -- Regulation of Hunting and Fishing -- Colville and Spokane Reservations 01/16/1937 Oklahoma -- Taxes -- Land
      Status 11/29/1937 Restricted Property -- Taxation
06/06/1924 M-12498,  Exchange of Allotted Land -- Flathead 02/20/1939 Tax Exemption of Purchased Restricted Land
09/23/1932 M-24173, 54 I.D. 71,  Sale of Timber -- Georgetown Reservation, Wash. RIGHTS-OF-WAY AND EASEMENTS
03/20/1936 Ft. Belknap Land Purchase -- Reorganization Act 01/02/1923 49 L.D. 396,  Condemnation of Lands Allotted in Severalty
09/15/1936 Colorado River Tribes -- Constitution 10/09/1924 M-13344,  Flathead -- Highway Right-of-Way
06/15/1938 M-29798, 56 I.D. 330,  Restoration to Tribal Ownership -- Ute Lands 03/27/1929 52 L.D. 594,  Arizona Eastern Railroad Company
02/12/1941 Creation of the Hopi Unit Within the Boundaries of the Navajo Reservation 09/06/1934 Restrictions on Alienation -- Easements
01/11/1956 M-36324,  Proposed Transfer of School Buildings in Alaska to Metlakatla Indian Community 10/03/1934 Osage -- Grant of Right-of-Way Through Trust Lands
11/21/1957 M-36456, 65 I.D. 435,  Status of Ozette Reservation, Washington 01/30/1935 M-27814,  Land Title Status
02/28/1958 Lands Within Ozette Reservation -- Return to Public Domain 03/09/1935 Officers of Tribe as U.S. Officers
07/09/1958 Legal Status of Tuscarora Reservation, New York, and Federal Responsibilities 04/23/1936 M-27814 (Supp.),  Title to Right-of-Way Lands
02/18/1969 M-36456 (Supp.), 76 I.D. 14,  Status of the Ozette Indian Reservation, Washington 09/02/1936 Isleta and Santo Domingo Pueblos -- Rights of Way
02/18/1969 Status of Ozette Indian Reservation, Washington -- (Supplement to Opinion of Same Date) 09/17/1936 Five Tribes -- Rights-of-Way
      Water See also WATER RIGHTS 05/15/1937 Sale of Railroad Right-of-Way -- Question of Title in Seminole Nation, Oklahoma
05/14/1928 M-24358,  Navigable Waters -- Exclusion -- Quileute Reservation 08/25/1937 Choctaw -- Chickasaw -- Rights-of-Way
04/19/1937 M-28978, 56 I.D. 110,  Reservation of Waters -- Alaska 06/30/1938 Allotment -- Right-of-Way
08/22/1941 Regarding Designation of Alaskan White Mountain Native Village as Reserve and Inclusion of River 07/01/1938 Indian School Land, Right-of-Way
12/29/1945 M-34326,  Indian Rights in Columbia River Reservoir 10/04/1938 M-29961,  Rights-of-Way -- Eastern Cherokee
02/01/1964 Water Rights in Case of Non-Agricultural Lease -- Colorado River Reservation 12/26/1939 Tule River Council Permission to California Forestry Division to Construct Fire Protection Road Across Reservation
RESTRICTED FUNDS See also TRIBAL FUNDS 04/12/1940 Application to Flathead Tribal Lands of the Act of August 30, 1890 (26 Stat. 391)
03/03/1921 M-2655,  Five Civilized Tribes -- Control of Restricted Funds After Sale of Restricted Lands 04/15/1940 Ownership of Abandoned Right-of-Way of the Ft. Smith and Western Railroad in Quinton
01/24/1923 49 L.D. 414,  Status of Property Purchased With Indian Trust Funds 08/24/1942 M-30582,  Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act -- Laws Governing Condemnation and Rights-of-Way Over Lands of Five Civilized Tribes
01/23/1925 M-13807,  Creek -- Descent of Lands 10/16/1942 Regulations Governing Rights-of-Way Over Public Lands and Reservations for Electrical Plants and Transmission Lines
05/04/1929 M-25107,  Osage Restricted Funds 01/27/1943 M-31156,  Rights-of-Way across Tribal and Allotted Land -- Flathead Reservation
06/26/1929 M-25258,  Creation of Trusts by Restricted Indians 04/13/1943 Rights-of-Way Over Allotted Indian Lands for Electrical Plants and Transmission Lines Under the Act of Feb. 15, 1901 and Mar. 4, 1911
08/11/1930 M-26067, 53 I.D. 157,  Restrictions Upon Lands and Funds -- Five Tribes 09/16/1943 M-33246,  Grant of Right-of-Way -- Allotted Indian Lands
10/14/1931 M-26731,  Osage Funds -- Federal Supervision 10/25/1944 Power of Secretary to Issue Revocable Permits for Transmission Lines Across Public Domain Allotments and Indian Homesteads
08/06/1934 M-27788,  Osage -- Attorney's Fee 01/02/1945 Logging Road Right-of-Way Over Allotted Lands for Period Beyond Timber Contract
09/12/1934 Disbursement of Funds 01/26/1945 M-33937,  Right of the Bureau of Reclamation to Build a Weir Across Indian Lands
08/12/1935 M-28125,  Personnel Employment -- Indian Trusts 05/14/1945 Rights-of-Way Across Restricted Indian Lands
04/23/1936 M-28029,  Disposition of Osage Trust Funds 05/31/1945 Electric Transmission Rights-of-Way Across Tribal Lands -- Discussion of Boulder Canyon Project Act and Other Acts
04/28/1936 M-28256,  Use of Trust Funds -- Annuity Policies 07/19/1946 Rights-of-Way Across St. Regis Reservation, New York
10/05/1936 Restricted Land Use -- Lake Superior Chippewa 01/22/1947 M-34842,  Rights-of-Way on Yuma Reservation
04/12/1940 Osage -- Taxability of Lands -- Federal Statutes 03/24/1947 M-31156 (Supp.), 59 I.D. 461,  Reservation of Rights-of-Way on Indian patent Lands
01/24/1941 M-30604,  Proceeds From Investment of Restricted Funds -- Individual Entitlement 03/28/1949 M-35093,  Acquisition of Yellowtail Reservoir and Dam Site
10/20/1942 M-31897,  Authority of Superintendent for Five Civilized Tribes -- Disposition of Restricted Indian Moneys 10/17/1949 M-36016,  Lease of Railroad Station Grounds on the Colorado River Indian Reservation
05/26/1944 Restricted Land -- Sale of Non-Indian -- Proceeds for Purchase of Tribal Trust Land 08/06/1951 M-36095,  Pipe Line Rights-of-Way Over Indian Lands -- Proposed Regulations
10/06/1944 Impoundment of Automobiles Purchased With Restricted Funds When Driver Is Intoxicated 11/28/1952 M-36158,  Notations in Patents in Fee for Indian Lands of Existing Rights-of-Way
11/02/1959 Restricted Funds -- The Estate of Taylor Greenleaf 08/02/1955 M-36300,  Legal Obligations of the Federal Government on Menominee Roads
RESTRICTED LANDS See also INDIAN LANDS 09/17/1956 M-36369,  Effect of Terminal Legislation Upon Revocable Rights-of-Way and Other Encumbrances on Indian Lands
06/02/1926 M-19190,  Certificate of Competency -- Osage 03/22/1957 M-36395, 64 I.D. 70,  Utilization of Lands in the Navajo Indian Reservation for Glen Canyon Dam and Reservoir
12/28/1926 M-20612,  Sioux Benefits RIVERBEDS See SUBMERGED LANDS
04/12/1927 M-22121,  Unlawful Timber Cutting -- Choctaw
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SCHOOLS, INDIAN See also EDUCATION, INDIAN 01/13/1942 Re the Memorandum of Understanding Between the State of South Carolina, the Catawba Indian Tribe, the U.S. Department of the Interior, and the Farm Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
08/01/1933 M-27514,  Payment of Tuition -- Sectarian Schools 10/31/1945 Questions of Use of Restricted Land by State Old Age Assistance Client and of Purchase While Client is Still Alive
03/01/1934 M-27671,  Yankton Sioux School Lands 08/13/1956 M-36362, 63 I.D. 253,  State Jurisdiction Over Criminal Trespass Actions on Klamath Indian Reservation
07/20/1934 Ft. Totten -- State School Tax 02/07/1969 M-36768,  Applicability of Health and Sanitation Laws of the State of California on Indian Reservations
05/05/1937 Leasing of Agency and School Reserves by Tribal Council Regardless of Contemplated Agency Use 03/03/1969 Sanitation and Quarantine Laws -- Blackfeet Reservation, Montana
03/25/1939 Acquisition of Puyallup Tribal School Property 12/21/1972 Application of Local Building Codes to Indian Trust Property
07/06/1939 M-30230,  Assessments and Levies Against Indian School by School District -- Secretarial Authority to Contract       Workmen's compensation
09/07/1940 M-30793,  Bureau of Reclamation -- Payment for Improvements on Colville Reservation 10/20/1936 Menominee -- State Workmen's Compensation Act
12/15/1948 M-35087,  use of Penalty Mail Privilege by Indian Schools 10/19/1938 Rehabilitation Project;  Workmen's Compensation Law
07/13/1954 Funds -- Public Schools 05/01/1941 Federal and State Laws -- Tribal Enterprises on Navajo Reservation
09/29/1954 Proposed Transfer of Lac du Flambeau School SUBMERGED LANDS
10/04/1954 M-36231,  Minnesota School Attendance Laws -- Jurisdiction to Enforce on Red Lake Reservation 12/24/1926 M-18772,  Title to Bed of Red River
09/17/1956 M-36367, 63 I.D. 333,  Organization of School Districts on Indian Reservations in Alaska 05/14/1935 M-27996,  Bed of Arkansas River -- Title
04/08/1974 Enrollment of Non-Indians in Federally-Funded Schools 06/30/1936 M-28107,  Red Lake Reservation -- Title to Lands
SEARCH & SEIZURE See CRIMINAL PROCEDURE 03/13/1940 Right of Hoopa Valley Indians to Fish in Klamath River Without California State Interference
SOCIAL SECURITY 12/13/1940 M-30923,  Authority of Secretary to Enter Into Agreement With Owners of Land Bordering on Big Wind River, Wyoming
04/22/1936 Applicability of the Social Security Act to the Indians 08/16/1949 M-36012,  Use of Coastal Water Contiguous to Indian Reservation in Alaska
06/30/1937 M-29156,  Responsibility of an Indian Tribe Under the Social Security Act 06/25/1951 M-36084,  Scrip Applications for Submerged Coastal Lands
04/20/1949 M-35095,  Availability of Social Security Benefits to Indians 06/03/1974 Reservation Boundaries -- Regulation of Hunting and Fishing -- Colville and Spokane Reservations
06/02/1952 M-36121,  State Social Security Claims Against Restricted Indian Estates SURPLUS LANDS
SOVEREIGNTY, TRIBAL 01/28/1924 M-11410,  Flathead -- Power Site on Allotted Land
10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes 08/05/1930 M-26075, 53 I.D. 154,  Status of Flathead Surplus Lands
03/09/1935 Officers of Tribe as U.S. Officers 09/17/1934 Temporary Withdrawals of Surplus Trust Lands
08/09/1939 M-29566,  Relation of Pueblos to Their Members, the Federal Government, the State, and Others 05/15/1936 Tribal Ownership of Non-Irrigable Lands -- Yuma
11/09/1971 M-36840,  The Eighteen-Year-Old Vote Amendment of U.S. Constitution as Applied to Tribes 05/20/1936 M-27878,  San Carlos Lands Restoration
STATE JURISDICTION See JURISDICTION, CIVIL; JURISDICTION, CRIMINAL 06/15/1938 M-29798, 56 I.D. 330,  Restoration to Tribal Ownership -- Ute Lands
STATE POWER AND BENEFITS 12/07/1945 M-34297,  Applicability of Executive Order No. 9613 to Surplus Land of an Indian Tribe
12/22/1938 Chattel Mortgage Forms 10/22/1947 M-34796,  State of Indian Surplus Lands Withdrawn From Public Entry
04/26/1939 M-28958,  Licensing Power of State Over California Rancheria Dog Owners 05/24/1949 M-35049,  Mining Locations on Colville Surplus Lands
08/09/1939 M-29566,  Relation of Pueblos to Their Members, the Federal Government, the State, and Others 11/29/1954 M-36252,  Sale to Church Organization of Surplus Lands in the Sioux Sanitarium Farm, Rapid City, South Dakota
09/04/1940 M-30920,  Enforcement of Florida Deer Removal and Quarantine Law on Seminole Indian Reservation 11/28/1962 M-36599, 69 I.D. 195,  Authority of Secretary to Restore Lands in San Carlos Mineral Strip to Tribal Ownership
10/09/1940 M-30984,  Kiowa Indian Hospital -- Alcohol for Medicinal Purposes -- Power of Oklahoma to Require Permit

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TAXATION       Use of tribal funds
      Federal 01/24/1923 49 L.D. 414,  Status of Property Purchased With Indian Trust Funds
10/08/1924 M-12746,  Quapaw -- Federal Income Tax 03/12/1936 M-28231,  Deposit of Indian Moneys
12/19/1925 M-17687,  Disposition of Allotment Funds -- Osage 05/27/1936 M-28519,  Whether Indian Funds May Be Deposited in Demand Accounts in FRS Non-Interest Paying Banks Only and Not in Non-Member Banks Insured by FDIC
01/20/1926 M-17187, 51 L.D. 326,  Taxation -- Reservation 10/05/1936 Expenditure of Tribal Funds
02/26/1932 53 I.D. 606,  Taxation of Income From Mineral Production From Restricted Lands of Members of Five Civilized Tribes 08/10/1938 Tribal Funds Supplemental to Pay of Officers of U.S. Tribal Police and Judges
08/05/1932 M-27158,  Five Tribes -- Land Conveyance -- Taxation 12/06/1946 Authority to Pay Tribal Leasing Clerk From Tribal Industrial Assistance Funds
05/15/1933 Tax on Electricity -- Menominee Power Plant 09/29/1948 M-35077,  Use of Funds in Tribal Treasury to Supplement Salary of Government Employees
06/05/1933 54 I.D. 218,  Taxability of Electric Power Generated on Menominee Indian Reservation 11/22/1948 M-35075,  Acceptance by Tribe of Contributions for the Management of Indian Resources
05/01/1936 Five Tribes -- Federal Income and State Taxes 03/18/1952 M-36118,  Availability of Tribal Funds for Land Acquisition
05/31/1940 57 I.D. 129,  Federal and State Sales Taxes -- Menominee Indian Mills 04/02/1953 M-36162,  Proposed Transfer of Authority From Secretary of State of Texas -- Administration of Timber Resources
11/07/1940 M-31039,  Method of Determining "Indians Not Taxed" 07/03/1953 Resolution of Fort Peck Executive Board Increasing Salaries -- Limited by Federal Statute
11/22/1940 M-31039 (Supp.),  Method of Determining "Indians Not Taxed" 09/21/1961 M-36628, 68 I.D. 313,  Authority of the Secretary to Approve Advancement of Tribal Judgment Funds for Tribal Purposes
05/01/1941 Federal and State Laws -- Tribal Enterprises on Navajo Reservation TRIBAL GOVERNMENT See also TRIBES
03/11/1946 Oklahoma Community Property Act -- Interpretation Re Filing Federal Income Tax Returns 10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes
12/06/1954 Federal Estate Tax Exemption of Osage Allottee 12/13/1934 M-27810,  Wheeler-Howard Act -- Interpretation
06/20/1960 IRS Levy Against Per Capita Payments to Members of Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes 03/09/1935 Officers of Tribe as U.S. Officers
07/02/1970 State and Federal Taxation of Income Derived From Reindeer Industry -- Interpretation of Reindeer Act 11/18/1936 Palm Springs -- Fees Charges to Tourists for Use of Facilities
      Restricted lands 01/12/1937 Tribal Land -- Mining Lease -- Power of Council
01/11/1922 M-2258,  Taxation of Restricted Allotments 05/05/1937 Leasing of Agency and School Reserves by Tribal Council Regardless of Contemplated Agency Use
11/13/1922 49 L.D. 348,  Taxability and Alienability -- Allotted Lands 07/29/1937 Keetowah -- Organization as Band
01/24/1923 49 L.D. 414,  Status of Property Purchased With Indian Trust Funds 08/07/1937 Tribal Power -- Exclusion of Non-Indian Attorneys
12/23/1924 M-14237,  Taxation of Restricted Lands 08/09/1939 M-29566,  Relation of Pueblos to Their Members, the Federal Government, the State, and Others
03/03/1930 M-25737, 73 I.D. 48,  Taxability of Cherokee Lands 03/21/1940 Permit to Prospect for Oil and Gas on Tribal and Allotted Lands
05/23/1930 M-25873, 53 I.D. 107,  Non-Taxability of Leases of Restricted Yakima Indian Allotments 06/06/1941 Tribal Council Power to Execute Leases Without Public Auction
10/08/1930 M-26163, 53 I.D. 187,  Taxation of Sac and Fox Lands 07/28/1941 Departmental Review of Tribal Ordinances
09/04/1931 M-26673, 53 I.D. 471,  Tax Exempt Selections -- Five Civilized Tribes 02/01/1944 Flathead Reservation -- Per Capita Payments -- Use of Tribal Roll for Purposes of Distribution
09/22/1931 M-26672, 53 I.D. 502,  Taxation of Mineral Production -- Five Tribes 09/28/1945 M-33915,  Interpretation of Blackfeet Corporate Charter
11/28/1931 53 I.D. 564,  Taxability of Homestead Allotments of Members of the Osage Tribe 05/16/1947 M-34681,  Delegation of Veto Power Over Tribal Legislation
03/30/1932 M-26927, 53 I.D. 637,  Tax-Exempt Lands -- Sale of Restricted Lands 08/28/1947 M-34989,  Federal and State Authority Over Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
08/04/1932 M-27145,  Land Purchase -- Pueblo Indians 01/19/1954 Tribal Board of Health -- Adoption of Nevada State Laws by Tribe
11/30/1932 M-27228, 54 I.D. 105,  Taxability of Allotments -- Osage 09/29/1954 Proposed Transfer of Lac du Flambeau School
08/09/1934 Creek -- State Oil Production Tax 03/28/1955 Conveyance of Papago Lands
12/13/1934 M-27810,  Wheeler-Howard Act -- Interpretation 05/01/1956 M-36344,  Powers of Tribal Government -- Compliance With Tribal Constitution
12/21/1936 Lands Bought With Restricted Funds -- Tax 08/24/1956 M-36363,  Ordinance of Ft. Hall Business Council Re Permits for Sale of Livestock and Branding
01/16/1937 Oklahoma -- Taxes -- Land 08/29/1957 M-36471,  Authority of the Principal Chief of the Seminole Indian Nation and the General Council of the Seminole Indian Nation Under Pertinent Acts of Congress
11/29/1937 Restricted Property -- Taxation 11/22/1957 M-36473,  Tribal Government of the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
04/23/1938 Pueblo Lands -- Taxability 03/03/1958 M-36476, 65 I.D. 97,  Membership -- Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation
02/20/1939 Tax Exemption of Purchased Restricted Land 05/12/1958 Authority of Tribal Council to Enact Resolution Regarding Settlement Funds
09/12/1939 M-29867,  Taxation of Restricted Lands -- Interpretation of 49 Stat. 1542, as Amended by 50 Stat. 188 08/01/1967 M-36709,  Eligibility of Indian Tribes to Participate in Land and Water Conservation Fund Program
11/30/1939 Oklahoma -- Taxation of Excess Restricted Lands -- Applicability of OIWA in Acceptance of Deeded Land       Elections
04/12/1940 Osage -- Taxability of Lands -- Federal Statutes 10/12/1934 Papago -- Wheeler-Howard Act
07/29/1940 Tax Liens -- Passage of Legal Title -- Oklahoma 11/22/1934 Wheeler-Howard Act -- Elections
12/16/1940 Osage -- Taxation of Partitioned Restricted Lands -- Conveyance of Title and Intervening Legislative Action 12/13/1934 M-27810,  Wheeler-Howard Act -- Interpretation
04/04/1944 M-33603,  Proposed Purchase of Lands for Navajo Indians -- State Taxation 05/24/1937 IRA -- Election
06/10/1944 Reimbursement for Taxes -- Indian Lands -- Taxation -- Fee Patents 04/17/1943 M-32087,  Quorum -- Tribal Delegates -- Minnesota Chippewa
12/03/1945 Forced Fee Patents -- Tax Liens 07/18/1952 M-36141,  Eligibility to Vote on Amendment to Blackfeet Constitution
08/07/1946 Exemption From Taxation of Indian Land Held Under a Restricted Deed 06/22/1956 Right to Vote by Absentee Ballot in Tribal Elections -- Salaries of Tribal Officers
05/29/1950 M-36033,  Land Allotted to a Full-Blood Creek Indian Pursuant to a Partition Proceeding 01/03/1958 Tribal Election -- Disqualification of Candidate For Non-Residency in Voting District -- Constitutional Interpretation and Application of State Law
12/06/1954 Federal Estate Tax Exemption of Osage Allottee 05/04/1971 Election of Principal Chief of Seminole Nation
12/22/1955 M-36320,  Taxation of Lands Under Cheyenne River Act 11/09/1971 M-36840,  The Eighteen-year-Old Vote Amendment of U.S. Constitution as Applied to Tribes
      State       Recognition of
12/24/1924 M-13864,  State Right to Tax Patents in Fee 02/08/1937 Status of St. Croix Chippewas
05/15/1930 M-25698,  Federal Water Power Act -- State Powers to Tax Licenses on Indian Reservations 03/15/1937 St. Croix Indians -- Enrollees of Dr. Wooster
06/30/1930 M-25930, 53 I.D. 133,  Taxation of Allotments -- Period -- Expiration 03/20/1944 Catawba Tribe -- Reorganization Under IRA
04/05/1934 M-27631, 54 I.D. 418,  Fishing Rights -- Yakima Tribes 04/11/1944 Questions of the Catawbas' Identity and Organization as a Tribe and Right to Adopt IRA Constitution
07/20/1934 Ft. Totten -- State School Tax 02/05/1958 M-36450, 65 I.D. 59,  Rights of Indians in the Hoopa Valley Reservation, California
12/13/1934 M-27810,  Wheeler-Howard Act -- Interpretation       Tribal codes
12/18/1934 Conveyance to the U.S. to Avoid Taxation 03/17/1937 Salish and Kootenai -- Law and Order
01/31/1935 State Highway Tax -- Applicability to Cheyenne River Reservation 08/08/1938 Tribal Ordinances -- Federal Constitution
02/27/1935 State Highway Tax -- Applicability to Cheyenne River Reservation 10/25/1938 Applicability of Law and Order Codes to Non-Member Indians on Blackfeet and Rocky Boy's Reservations
06/25/1936 Loan Agreement -- Indian Reorganization Act 02/23/1939 Papago Ordinance on Cattle Sale
01/04/1937 M-28811, 56 I.D. 48,  Osage Tax Exemption 04/11/1940 Tribal Ordinances and Resolutions -- Departmental Review
02/04/1938 Reservation -- State Sales Tax 09/28/1940 Secretarial Authority Regarding Rescission of Only a Portion of Prior Approved Resolution
09/13/1938 Sales Tax 12/03/1940 Authority of Navajo Tribe to Ban Use of Peyote Within Reservation
09/13/1938 Sales Tax TRIBES See also ENROLLMENT, TRIBAL; MEMBERSHIP, TRIBAL; TRIBAL GOVERNMENT
05/31/1940 57 I.D. 129,  Federal and State Sales Taxes -- Menominee Indian Mills 05/15/1934 Indian Corporations -- Federal Charters
05/01/1941 Federal and State Laws -- Tribal Enterprises on Navajo Reservation 10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes
07/30/1941 Application of State Income Tax Laws to Indian Employee of Federal Government 11/07/1934 M-27796,  IRA Interpretation Regarding Devisee Questions -- Tribal Organization and Jurisdiction -- Definition of Tribe as Political Entity
09/23/1941 Taxation -- Statute Authorizing State and Local Taxation of Royalties Received by Indians on Executive Order Reservations -- New Mexico State Laws 03/20/1936 Ft. Belknap Land Purchase -- Reorganization Act
08/25/1942 Authority of the State of North Carolina to Tax the Income of Cherokee Indians Derived From Employment With the Federal Government 10/22/1936 Resettlement Loan -- Unorganized Tribes
02/24/1943 Alaska Natives Subject to Territorial School Tax 12/07/1936 Menominee Mill -- Secretarial Power
09/20/1943 M-32093,  Liability of Indian Tribes for State Taxes Imposed on Royalty Received From Oil and Gas Leases on Unallotted Land 03/14/1938 Blackfeet -- Tribal Power -- Business Organizations
12/24/1943 M-33339,  Purchases by Individual Indians -- State Taxes 11/22/1948 M-35075,  Acceptance by Tribe of Contributions for the Management of Indian Resources
06/11/1945 County Personal Property Taxes -- Immunity of Severed Crops From levy on Trust Land -- Winnebago 04/21/1952 M-36128,  Property of Indian Tribe -- Federal Property and Administrative Services Act
10/29/1954 M-36246,  State Taxation of Tribal Royalty Interests in Oil and Gas Leases on Blackfeet Indian Reservation 07/25/1967 M-36771,  Indian Tribes as Preference Customers Under the Reclamation Project Act of 1939
08/16/1956 Taxable Status of Property Acquired With Funds Appropriated for Rehabilitation of Cheyenne River Tribe       Political status
09/17/1956 M-36367, 63 I.D. 333,  Organization of School Districts on Indian Reservations in Alaska 10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes
08/04/1960 Refund of Taxes Paid by Heirs of Allottee -- Act of June 11, 1940 11/07/1934 M-27796,  IRA Interpretation Regarding Devisee Questions -- Tribal Organization and Jurisdiction -- Definition of Tribe as Political Entity
09/08/1960 Authority of County Assessors to Levy and Collect Personal Taxes Against Indians of the Flathead Indian Reservation 04/15/1936 Sioux -- Elections on Constitutions
11/09/1960 Tax Status of Personal Property of Indians on Tule River Reservation, California 08/31/1936 Purchases Under Wheeler-Howard Act
12/30/1965 Ownership and Taxability of Indian Cattle 06/09/1937 Catawba Tribe
12/19/1966 State Taxation of Traders on Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina 12/13/1938 Oklahoma -- Recognized Tribes
07/02/1970 State and Federal Taxation of Income Derived From Reindeer Industry -- Interpretation of Reindeer Act 08/09/1939 M-29566,  Relation of Pueblos to Their Members, the Federal Government, the State, and Others
09/07/1972 State of North Dakota Cannot Tax Indians Within the Standing Rock Sioux Indian Reservation 08/06/1940 M-30807,  National Housing Act -- Eligibility of Indian Tribes
01/16/1973 Taxation of Tribally Owned Enterprises 11/07/1940 M-31039,  Method of Determining "Indians Not Taxed"
      Tribal 12/04/1951 M-36110,  Status of Agua Caliente Band -- Bailment -- Federal Tort Claims Act
10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes 06/21/1954 Competence of Seneca Nation to Sue Non-Indians in State and Federal Court
M-27810,  Wheeler-Howard Act -- Interpretation 02/05/1958 M-36450, 65 I.D. 59,  Rights of Indians in the Hoopa Valley Reservation, California
02/17/1939 Rosebud Sioux Tax Ordinance 11/20/1958 M-36515, 65 I.D. 483,  Separability of Tribal Organizations Organized Under Secs. 16 and 17 of the IRA
07/07/1945 Taxing Powers of Village of Saxman 08/01/1967 M-36709,  Eligibility of Indian Tribes to Participate in Land and Water Conservation Fund Program
04/11/1957 Grazing Privileges -- Tribal Power to Tax 09/21/1967 Whether Indian Tribes are "Public Units" Within the Meaning of the Laws Governing the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
03/03/1958 M-36448,  Sales Tax -- Three Affiliated Tribes of the Ft. Berthold Reservation 02/18/1969 M-36456 (Supp.), 76 I.D. 14,  Status of the Ozette Indian Reservation, Washington
TERMINATION See TRIBES       Powers of
TIDELANDS See SUBMERGED LANDS 06/17/1924 M-11380,  Chippewa -- Enrollment
TIMBER 10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes
06/29/1922 49 L.D. 166,  Flathead Timber Lands 12/17/1935 Navajo -- Distribution of Unallotted Property
04/12/1927 M-22121,  Unlawful Timber Cutting -- Choctaw 04/15/1938 Power of Indian Groups Organized Under IRA But Not as Historical Tribe
06/21/1932 M-27068,  Blackfeet Indians -- Right to Hunt, Fish and Cut Timber -- Glacier National Park 04/22/1938 Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act -- Cooperative Association
09/23/1932 M-24173, 54 I.D. 71,  Sale of Timber -- Georgetown Reservation, Washington 05/14/1938 M-29797, 56 I.D. 308,  Taylor Grazing Act Licenses -- Pueblos
02/08/1935 Jicarilla -- Timber 05/14/1938 Tribal Council -- Delegation of Power
12/13/1935 M-28259,  Timber Contracts -- Colville Reservation 11/18/1938 Tribal Power -- Inheritance
05/19/1936 Five Tribes Timber Sales 12/22/1938 Tribal Permit for Ranger Station
02/06/1941 M-31064,  Authority for Sale of Timber -- Unallotted Lands 12/22/1938 Chattel Mortgage Forms
01/15/1942 M-31579,  Timber -- Interest of Patentee Whose Patent Was Cancelled and later Reinstated 02/17/1939 Rosebud Sioux Tax Ordinance
03/04/1948 M-35028,  Indian Delegation Act of 1946 -- Possessory Rights Within Tongass National Forest -- Extinguishment of Indian Title by Cession Treaty 12/26/1939 Tule River Council Permission to California Forestry Division to Construct Fire Protection Road Across Reservation
07/31/1951 M-36092,  Red Lake Sawmill Fund -- Use for Defraying Expenses of Sales of Little Pine Island Timber 07/10/1940 M-30849,  Lower Brule Sioux -- Authority to Borrow Funds for Development and Operation of a Power Plant
04/02/1953 M-36162,  Proposed Transfer of Authority From Secretary to State of Texas -- Administration of Timber Resources 11/21/1942 M-31724,  Colville Reservation -- Authority for Land Conveyance Plan Which Would Vest Limited Rights of Alienation and Descent
05/10/1957 M-36444,  Sale of Klamath Indian Timber Subject to Sustained-Yield Management Covenant 05/11/1945 Power of Indian Tribe to Delegate Legislative Authority to a Subordinate Agency of the Tribe
      Contracts 05/20/1948 M-35040,  Regulation of Traders on the Navajo Indian Reservation
08/08/1933 M-27499,  Sale of Timber -- Contracts 04/23/1956 M-36342,  Power of Tribal Governments -- Interpretation of Constitution
10/23/1933 Navajo -- Timber Contract 10/05/1956 M-36380,  Interpretation of the Act of August 3, 1956, 70 Stat. 982, Relating to the Management of the Red Lake Indian Forest and Sawmill
03/30/1934 M-27681, 54 I.D. 401,  Indian Timber Sale Contracts 11/06/1956 Drilling of a Well on the San Carlos Reservation for Municipal Use in the City of Globe, Arizona
07/26/1934 M-27728,  Default in Payments Under Timber Contract -- Determination of Difference Between Breached and Terminated Contract -- Klamath 03/03/1958 M-36448,  Sale Tax -- Three Affiliated Tribes of the Ft. Berthold Reservation
07/26/1934 M-27744, 54 I.D. 546,  Algoma Lumber Company 12/03/1958 Membership in Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation
04/27/1935 M-27998,  Navajo Timber Sale Contract 04/03/1970 M-36803,  Authority of the BIA to Transfer to Tribe the Direction of Federal Employees
02/17/1939 Timber Contracts -- Minimum Stumpage Rate 02/03/1971 M-36815,  Applicability of the Liquor Laws of the State of Montana on the Rocky Boy's Reservation
10/29/1953 M-36185,  Indian Timber Sale Contracts -- Transfer of Administration From Secretary to Department of Agriculture 06/15/1971 M-36803 (Supp.),  Tribal Direction of Federal Employees -- Explanation of Term "Delegation"
01/14/1955 M-36257,  Timer Sales and Tribal Loans, Klamath Reservation, Oregon       Termination
07/22/1957 M-36461,  Construction of a Contract for the Sale of Indian Timber 05/20/1955 M-36284, 62 I.D. 186,  Klamath Terminal Legislation
TRADING, INDIAN 08/02/1955 M-36300,  Legal Obligations of the Federal Government on Menominee Roads
07/16/1937 Proposed Revision of Regulations for Government Certification of Genuineness of Navajo All-Wool Fabrics -- Discussion 09/06/1955 M-36304,  Determination of Full-Blood Membership of the Ute Tribe for Purpose of Participation in Development Program
05/14/1938 M-29797, 56 I.D. 308,  Taylor Grazing Act Licenses -- Pueblos 09/12/1955 Disqualification of Certain Klamath Indians to Inherit -- Effective Date of Repeal
06/14/1938 Revolving Credit Loans -- Government Employees 09/21/1955 M-36305,  Transfer of Minor Full-Bloods to the Mixed-Blood Roll Under Section 4 of the Act of August 27, 1954
04/24/1940 M-30655,  Service in Indian Corporation by Indian Office Employee 10/21/1955 Transfer of Unrestricted Control Over Lands Held in Trust by the United States for Minor and Deceased Members of the Klamath Tribe
04/29/1940 Applications of the Laws and Regulations Governing Trade With the Indians Licensed by the Tribe 11/17/1955 M-36307,  Lease of Klamath Tribal Land Which Extends Beyond the Date Fixed by Congress for the Termination of Federal Supervision and Control
04/10/1942 Indian Employee of U.S. -- Purchase of Trust Land With Funds Borrowed From Tribal Loan Fund 03/26/1956 M-36337,  Klamath Termination Act as Applied to Tribal Indebtedness of Withdrawing members
05/20/1948 M-35040,  Regulation of Traders on the Navajo Indian Reservation 04/30/1956 Probate and Administration of Estate of Deceased Indians in State Courts Under Klamath Termination Act -- Question of Limitations
TREATIES 05/29/1956 M-36338, 63 I.D. 147,  Authority for Continues Approval of Timber Sales on Klamath Reservation
06/17/1924 M-11380,  Chippewa -- Enrollment 09/17/1956 M-36369,  Effect of Terminal Legislation Upon Revocable Rights-of-Way and Other Encumbrances on Indian Lands
11/08/1924 M-13807,  Oil Royalties From Allotted Lands 05/10/1957 M-36444,  Sale of Klamath Indian Timber Subject to Sustained -- Yield Management Covenant
10/25/1934 55 I.D. 14,  Powers of Indian Tribes 09/09/1958 Designation of Klamath Marsh as Required by Act of Aug. 23, 1958
12/26/1935 Ft. Berthold -- Claims Against United States 10/28/1958 M-36536,  Scope of Secretarial Designation of the Klamath Marsh
03/31/1936 M-28120,  Ownership of Island Within Ft. Berthold Reservation 08/01/1960 Rancheria Act of August 18, 1958
06/28/1940 Mescalero Reservation -- Exclusion Claim by the United States of Certain Lands by Executive Order 05/18/1962 Withdrawing Members of the Klamath Tribe
12/13/1940 M-30923,  Authority of Secretary to Enter Into Agreement With Owners of Land Bordering on Big Wind River, Wyoming TRUST FUNDS See RESTRICTED FUNDS; TRIBAL FUNDS
02/10/1942 Conflict Between Migratory Bird Treaty With Great Britain and Treaty With the Yakimas Re Hunting Rights on Reservation TRUST LANDS See ALLOTMENTS; INDIAN RESTRICTED LANDS
04/21/1942 Whether the Migratory Bird Treaty Was Applicable to Hunting by Indians Upon Their Reservations TRUST PATENTS See also ALLOTMENTS
07/02/1946 Maps of Lands Relinquished by Certain Treaties 07/14/1921 M-5379,  Fee Title -- Expiration of Trust Period
10/07/1947 M-34987,  Proposed Legislation Authorizing Sale of Wyandotte Indian Burial Ground in Kansas City, Kansas 10/29/1921 M-6083,  Devise of Indian Land -- Allottee's Will
03/04/1948 M-35028,  Indian Delegation Act of 1946 -- Possessory Rights Within Tongass National Forest -- Extinguishment by Cession Treaty 04/27/1922 M-5379, 5702,  Trust Allotment -- Expiration
02/21/1949 Caddo Treaty of 1836 -- Ratification of Supplementary Articles 04/24/1925 M-14233,  Flathead -- Enrollment
02/21/1956 M-36181,  Ownership of Unallotted Lands on the Tulalip Indian Reservation in the State of Washington 12/28/1926 M-20612,  Sioux Benefits
03/27/1962 Treaty Rights of Indians in Washington to Market Steelhead Trout 11/25/1932 M-27239, 54 L.D. 90,  Indian-Owned Land Within Irrigation Projects
05/16/1962 M-36638, 69 I.D. 68,  Off-Reservation Fishing Rights of Indians in Washington and Oregon 12/22/1934 Fort Belknap -- Allotment
TRIBAL COURTS See COURTS, TRIBAL 01/04/1937 M-28811, 56 I.D. 48,  Osage Tax Exemption
TRIBAL FUNDS See also RESTRICTED FUNDS 08/14/1937 Sales -- Heirship Lands
03/19/1927 M-21849,  Trust Funds -- Priority of U.S. Claims 01/05/1938 Trust Land -- Crop Mortgages
07/03/1936 1937 Appropriation Act 08/27/1940 Conveyance of Inherited Trust Land to a Tribe Not Under the Indian Reorganization Act
02/25/1943 Handling of Tribal Funds by Agency Accountants 10/31/1941 Proposed Executive Order Extending Trust Periods of Indian Land
      Distribution of 07/30/1953 M-36175,  Inclusion of Indian Lands in State Irrigation Districts
10/08/1917 Stockbridge and Munsee Tribes -- Per Capita Payments, D-42071 12/22/1955 M-36320,  Taxation of Lands Under Cheyenne River Act
12/29/1921 Stockbridge -- Munsee -- Back Annuity Payments D-42071 (Supp.) 11/29/1962 M-36644, 69 I.D. 203,  Leasing of Crow Indian Land
04/29/1922 M-7193,  Winnebago -- Tribal Funds TRUST RELATION
11/29/1922 M-8971,  Disbursement of Tribal Funds 10/21/1938 Palm Springs -- Leases
12/28/1922 49 L.D. 376,  School Lands Within the Crow Indian Reservation 08/09/1939 M-29566,  Relation of Pueblos to Their Members, the Federal Government, the State, and Others
05/31/1924 M-11879,  Distribution of Tribal Funds -- Chippewa 07/09/1940 Whether or Not Lands Purchased by the U.S. for Indian Schools and Hospitals Constitute an "Indian Reservation" or "Indian Country"
11/06/1924 M-13270,  Chippewa -- Back Annuity Payments 04/02/1947 M-34899,  Applicability of Oklahoma Community Property Act to Restricted Indian Property
01/08/1927 M-15954,  Chippewa -- Back Annuity Claims 10/07/1947 M-34987,  Proposed Legislation Authorizing Sale of Wyandotte Indian Burial Ground in Kansas City, Kansas
05/17/1941 Tribal Rolls for the Purpose of Distributing Tribal Funds, and for Allotment Purposes 05/11/1959 M-36563, 66 I.D. 212,  Disposal of Lots in Saxman, Alaska
05/02/1944 M-33615,  Distribution of Proceeds of Sale of Tacoma Hospital Site -- Estate of Puyallup Indian 09/24/1971 M-36860,  Non-Availability of Confidential Agreement of Indian Tribe Under Public Information Act

This page is maintained by:
Marilyn K. Nicely, American Indian Law Subject Specialist: nicely@hamilton.law.ou.edu


Date Last Modified: 20 June 2003
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